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30 terms

chapter 2

STUDY
PLAY
Embezzlement
illegally taking someones property.
Invasion of privacy
publicizing information that is private.
Unintentional Torts
Negligence, malpractice
Negligence
a mistake or failure when someone doesn't use reasonable care.
malpractice
professional negligence
Expert witness
Explains what is reasonable.
Contract
agreement that is enforceable in court. Has to be volutary by both partys. Has to have competence (mental ability to make desicions. Sometimes in writing. Needs consideration or something of value on both sides.
Breech
breaks contract or fails to fulfill obligation
implied contract
conduct or actions show intent
Criminal law
how one persons actions hurt society.
Felonies
a crime punishable by more then one year in jail.
Misdeamenor
Fine or up to 1 year in jail
Burden of Proof
person starting the lawsuit (plantiff)
Federalism
division of government power between the federal and state government
Checks and Balances
procedures to prevent one branch of government from taking too much power.
Constitution
organizes US government limits what government can do.
Unconstitutional
government does something it is not allowed to do under constitution.
Statute
law created by legislative branch
Ordience
applys to town/city law, zoning
Regulations
laws created by agencies (group created by legislative branch to make laws about a specific topic.
Case Law
laws created by judges
Civil Law
how individuals act toward each other.
Criminal Law
how individuals act toward society
Tort
personal injury
Intentional tort
when a person has been intentionally injured by another
assault
threat of harm
battery
unconsented touching
false imprisonment
unlawful restraint
Defamation of Charactor
hurting someones reputation or lying
Fraud
Deceitful practice that deprives another person of their rights.