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19 terms

Figures of Thought

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metaphor
a figurative comparison
simile
a figurative comparison that makes use of "like" or "as"
personification
giving human traits to non-human things
pathetic fallacy
using the weather to mimic a character's emotions
hyperbole
intended exaggeration
metonymy
to refer to something or someone by naming a thing closely associated with it
synecdoche
using part of something to represent the whole thing
synesthesia
using one sense to describe the perceptions of another
litotes
to affirm something by negating the opposite
analogy
a metaphor or simile that explains why the comparison is true
understatement
to intenionally minimize a comment
conceit
an extended metaphor
allusion
a reference to another piece of literature or art or culture
verbal irony
to say the opposite of what is meant
situational irony
a twist in the plot unexpected by the reader
cosmic irony
when the universe seems to conspire against a character
dramatic irony
when the reader knows more than the character does
apostrophe
to address the dead as if living or the absent as if present
eternizing conceit
the claim that if a poet write about someone, he makes that person immortal