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Pharmacology Exam 4 Ch 34-35
Terms in this set (10)
what is the hormone replacement therapy for women experiencing menopause?
what is the male hormone replacement therapy?
why is estrogen given to males and testosterone given to females sometimes?
-to suppress their own reproductive hormones, such as to minimize the secondary sex characteristics
-to suppress tumors of the reproductive organs (estrogen for prostate or testicular cancer) (androgen for breast or uterine cancer)
what are the drugs for osteoporosis?
-bisphosphonates (alendronate, ibandronate)
patient teaching for taking bisphosphonates
-do not crush/break tablet
-take 30 min before breakfast/first drink of the day
-take with at least 8oz of water only
-remain upright for 30 min after taking med
contraindications and adverse effects of bisphosphonates
-contraindications: allergy, hypocalcemia, esophageal dysfunction, inability to remain upping for at least 30 min
-adverse effects: HA, GI upset, joint pain, risk for esophageal burns, osteonecrosis of the jaw (rare)
what is the black box warning for oral contraceptives and estrogens?
-increases risk for thromboembolic events
what are the drugs for treating BPH?
-5-Alpha reductase inhibitors (-asteride)
-alpha 1 blockers (-zosin)
can pregnant women handle finasteride for BPH?
-no, it is a pregnancy category X
-pregnant women should not handle crushed or broken tablets of finasteride
which medications are ED drugs? what should you not take them with
-never take with nitrates
-erections longer than 4 hours must be reported immediately
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