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Intern's syndrome

Students that find themselves thinking that they have one or more of the disorders they are learning about.

Mood disorders

A disorder that causes disturbances in the way people feel across a relatively long period of time

Major depressive disorder

A mood disorder that typically defines depression. Can be characterized by anhedonia or bad mood (either of these two needs to be present), (4 of the 7 following also need to be present) feelings of worthlessness, guilt, suicidal thoughts, lack or increase in weight, insomnia or hypersomnia, tiredness, difficulty concentrating, psychomotor disturbance

anhedonia, depression

To be classified as having a major depressive disorder, either _________ or ___________ need to be present

4, 7

__ of the __ other characteristics need to be present to be classified as a major depressive disorder


a lack of pleasure or interest in previously enjoyed activities

2 weeks

Symptoms of depression need to have been present for __________ in order for the patient to be diagnosed with major depressive disorder


inability to sleep


too much sleep

typical depression

weight loss coupled with insomnia

atypical depression

weight gain coupled with hypersomnia

psychomotor agitation

a person acts "sped up" (fidgeting, speaking quickly, etc.) or "slows down" (speaking and moving incredibly slow)

depressive episode

The period of time that someone suffers from acute depression

decrease, recurrent

Depression tends to _________ over time, yet is often ___________


Individuals often have __ depressive episodes in a lifetime


low levels of ________ have been linked to major depressive disorder

cognitive model

the model that states that thoughts cause feelings


medication that eases the symptoms of a disorder but does not cure it. Kind of like cough syrup

Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)

One of the 3 types of antidepressant medications. These increase the amount of available norepinephrine and serotonin in the synapse. Very uncommon type of drug, seeing as how you can't take it with many other things

Tricyclic antidepressants

One of the 3 types of antidepressant medications. These increase the amount of norepinephrine in the synapse. These cause annoying side effects though and can even cause death if overdosed. Don't give to a suicidal person!

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)

One of the 3 types of antidepressant medications. These increase the amount of serotonin in the synapse. Fluoxetine (or prozac) is the most common. These are the most favored antidepressant. Sexual side effects happen though. Takes 2 weeks to begin working.


another word for Prozac

placebo effect

Improvement in symptoms that occur simply because a person expects to feel better


Therapy is important because it is more effective than medication at preventing ___________ of depression

cognitive therapy

Therapy that works at altering dysfunctional cognitions. Attempts to give the clients homework to alter their thought processes. Very efficient.

Cognitive behavioral therapy

Therapy that works at altering dysfunctional cognitions as well as behavior change. The therapist helps the client to schedule outings with friends, exercising, journaling, etc.

Interpersonal therapy

Therapy the encourages emotional expression and deals with difficulties in social relationships


A lower-level, longer-lasting depression. Characterized as a depressed mood for the majority of the day for a minimum of 2 years. Must have 2 or more of 6 symptoms, which are sleep and appetite disturbances, physical exhaustion, difficulty concentrating, feelings of hopelessness, and low self-esteem. The etiology and treatment is similar to major depressive disorder

bipolar disorder

This disorder was formally called manic depression

bipolar disorder

major depressive episodes that alternate with manic episodes. 3 symptoms must be present to be considered such. When in the manic phase, individual feels abnormally high self-esteem or grandiosity, believes they are more important than others, and has delusional beliefs

manic episode

at least 1 week of abnormally elevated or irritable mood. Usually accompanied by delusions or hallucinations

Rapid cycling

One of the 2 types of bipolar disorder. This is when there are four or more distinct manic or depressive episodes in 1 year

Mixed episode

One of the 2 types of bipolar disorder. Occurs when a person meets criteria for both manic and major depressive episode nearly every day for a week or longer. Most dangerous of them all. Imagine... this person is so depressed that he is suicidal and also has the motivation to carry it out.

bipolar disorder

The deadliest mental illness is ________ _________


The etiology of bipolar disorder is strongly _________


__________ is the most common treatment for bipolar disorder. It acts as a mood stabilizer.

drug compliance

How well patients take their medication as prescribed. Those with bipolar disorder don't often want to take Lithium because of its side effects

Electroconvulsive therapy

Treatment used as a last resort only, however it is still safe. This treatment is preformed under anesthesia and muscle relaxants.


purposefully killing oneself

suicide attempts

An attempt to kill oneself that does not result in death

suicidal ideation

Thoughts about suicide


it is often best to ____ the person if they have have suicidal intentions. This will rarely "plant" the idea in their head and will more than likely stop the person from doing it if they had planned on it.

Double depression

Having both dysthymia and Major depressive disorder. Usually dysthymia happens first and a major depressive episode occurs. Usually the major depressive episode is cured but the dysthymia is still present, threatening relapse

Psychological autopsy

a profile of the mental functioning of someone who committed suicide

Seasonal affective disorder

A type of depression that tends to occur during the winter months


Bipolar __ disorder. Major depressive episodes alternates with full manic episodes. Suicide is common.


Bipolar __ disorder. Major depressive episodes alternates with hypomanic episodes

Cyclothymic disorder

the symptoms of this disorder are even less than that of dysthymic disorder, yet patients tend to be in one mood state or the other for longer periods of time.

Altruistic suicide

killing oneself for the sake of another

Egoistic suicide

suicide committed when person feels that they're alone

Anomic suicide

person feels very confused in a new role that they have recently developed

Fatalistic suicide

suicide that occurs when the person feels high oppression from another

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