Middle- 6-3,500 bp.
Late- 3,500-1,250 bp.
The developmental or evolutionary stage between paleoindian and woodland cultures.
7,250 years= successful adaptations to the changing post pleistocene environment.
Archaic in terms of adaptation: Gordon Willey, Phillip Phillips.
Highly mobile hunters and gatherers in the mystical sense of men the hunters and women the
Focus on small game and plant resources.
Increasing intensive food collecting through time.
Passive hunting, snare, gill net, harvesting techniques.
Blossom of stone and bone technology, ground stones, bones, axes, weights, bolas, pipes,
Copper used as ornaments.
Sedentism, intensive plant-mice collection w/out agriculture.
Increased communit organization, burials with elaborate and ornate grave goods reflecting
hierarchy between rich and poor.
Social focus on local community but with long distance contacts.