Terms in this set (8)

- Martins article discusses gender bias in biological sciences, as recorded in textbooks
- The article focuses not on the research about the egg and sperm themselves but on research conclusions their biases and their spread
o Biases affect research projects and conclusions
o Conclusions thus support oppressive gender norms
o Both are communicated in textbooks, thus, bias spread as "truth" in society
- Martin's argument structure looks like this:
o Biology represents all human reproductive substances in terms of "value" or worth
o Women's production of ova s represented in terms of waste and decline
o Men's production of spermatozoa is represented in terms of endless productivity
o Ova and spermatozoa are represented as passive and active during conception
o These representations ALL reflect social norms of gendered value, worth, and activity
- Essentialization
o To essentialize someone is to reduce that person to a few defining things (ex: skin color, musical preference, age, status, or in this care, reproductive capability)
o To essentialize is thus a violent thought: it reduces a person to a thing, then defines that thing only in terms of value to you - or to whomever else is doing the essentializing '
- Men's production of spermatozoa is represented in terms of endless productivity
o Martin gives examples of the "breathless prose" describing spermatogenesis on 249
- Women's production of ova is represented in terms of waste and decline
- Why not call menstruation "cleansing" instead of "wastefulness"?
o Martin describes the ratio of "waste" to "production" (ex: gametes: babies) pg. 249-50), and finds that wastefulness is an adjective applied with a definite bias
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