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62 terms

Test on CPas Test CH 12, 13 (Safety & Infection Control)and Lesson 4,5,6 Medical Terminology

STUDY
PLAY
List 6 basic rules of body mechanics
1. Keep feet 8-10 inches apart
2. Bend from the hips and knees
3. Keep back straight and get close to the object
4. Use strongest muscles to do the job
5. Use the weight of your body to push or pull an object
6. Carry heavy objects close to the body
7. Avoid twisting your body as you work
If a person is too heavy to lift, what should you do?
Ask for some help
Name three ways to identify a patient
1. Ask him or his relatives
2. Check the name on the door
3. Check his arm band
What are three causes of fire?
1. matches
2. misuse of electricity
3. defects in heating systems
What three things are needed to start a fire?
1.oxygen
2. Heat
3. Fuel
What is the most commonly used fire extinguisher?
ABC
What are the correct steps in using a fire extinguisher?
1.Pull the pin
2.Aim at the bottom of the fire
3.Squeeze handle
4.Sweep from side to side
If you are a medical professional on the floor, what are the 4 things you remember if a fire breaks out
1.Rescue Pts first
2.Activate alarm
3.Confine fire
4.Extinguish fire if small
What is the difference between a pathogen and a non-pathogen
A pathogen produces disease, a non pathogen does not
Severe sore throat and rheumatic fever are caused by
streptococcus
Wound infections characterized by pus are usually caused by...
staphlococcus
TB is caused by...
TB Bacillus
Hepatitis B is caused by...
HBV
Hepatitis C is caused by ...
HCV
AIDS is caused by...
HIV
What is the ideal supplier of all the requirements needed for a m/o to grow
THe human body
When pathogens produce a poison called a...
toxin
Diseases that origionate outside the body are known as...
exogenous
Diseases orginating inside the body are known as...
endogenous
Diseases that occur when a person's defenses are down are called...
opportunistic
Diseases that occur in a hospital are known as...
nosocomial
The organ where an organism lives is known as the...
reservoir
Body Fluids and blood that an organism uses to leave the human body from is called a...
portal of exit
Direct and indirect contact are two ways by which organisms are carried. This is known as...
Mode of transmission
When our skin is broken, we eat contaminated food, or breathe in contaminants , m/o are using a _____ __________ to enter our body.
Portal of entry
We become the _______________ when our immune defenses are down and pathogenic m/o enter our body
susceptible host
The first line of defense in the quest to maintain aseptic technique is to make sure we___________________.
Wash hands frequently
What are the three levels of aseptic control?
1. antisepsis
2.Disinfection
3. Sterilization
Anticeptics are used on ___________
skin
Two examples of anticeptics are...
1. alcohol
2. iodine
Disinfectants are used on ________
equiptment and surfaces
Two examples of disinfectants are...
1. bleach
2. zephirin
What two things are anticeptics and disinfectants not able to kill?
1. spores
2.viruses
A process that destroys all m/o is known as...
sterilization
The primary type of equiptment used to sterilize items is a...
autoclave
The smallest m/o visible only under an electron microscope is a ...
virus
Viruses are spread by...
blood and body fluids
A parasitic organism that cannot live outside the cells of another living organism is called...
rickettsiae
Rocky Mt spotted fever and typhus are examples of diseases caused by...
rickettsiae
Ringworm, thrush, athlete's foot are examples of diseases caused by ...
Fungi
Malaria is an example of a disease caused by a ....
Protozoa
PPE is the abbreviation for...
Personal Protective equiptment
Name two examples of PPE
1. gloves
2. Mask
Rules which we follow developed by CDC which state that all patients are considered potential sources of infection are known as...
Standard Precautions
Name three different types of supplies used when practicing standard precautions.
1. PPE
2.Biohazard bags
3. Needle boxes
What is the term for tongue?
lingua
What is the term for cell?
cyte
What is the term for red?
erythro
What is the term for slow?
brady
What is the term for vomit?
emesis
What is the term for lip?
cheil
What is the term for abdomen?
celio
What is the term for puncture?
centesis
What is the term for ear?
oto
What is the term for Chest?
thorac
What is the term for bladder?
vessic
What is the term for equal?
iso
What is the term for ankle?
tarso
What is the term for abdominal wall?
lapar
What is the term for labor?
part
What is the term for neck?
trachel
What is the term meaning to secrete?
crine