Physical Science Chemistry Exam

For the SAPS class
STUDY
PLAY
Temperature
A measure of the amount of the average kinetic energy of the particles in matter
°F=(9/5)°C + 32
Formula for Celsius to Fahrenheit
K=°C +273
Formula for Kelvin
The Very Right
Where are the Noble Gasses located on the periodic table?
The Very Left
Where are the Alkali Metals
Quantum
the amount of energy it takes an electron to move from one energy level to another
-1
Charge of an electron
0
Relative mass of an electron
+1
Charge of a proton
1
Relative mass of a proton
0
Charge of a neutron
1
relative mass of a neutron
The Second Column From the Right
Where are the Halogens located
Static Electricity
A stationary charge built up on the surface of a material
negative
if electrons>protons, there is a _______ charge
positive
if protons>electrons, there is a ______ charge
Induction
The charging of an object without direct contact.
Conduction
The passing of charge from one object to another just by making contact
SOdium Chloride
NaCl
Aluminum Fluoride
AlF₃
magnesium nitride
Mg₃N₂
Copper (I) Sulfide
Cu₂S
Lead (IV) Oxide
PbO₂
Tin (IV) iodide
SnI₄
LiBr
Lithium Bromide
CaCl₂
Calcium Chloride
K₂O
Potassium Oxide
CuO
Copper (II) Oxide
Pb₃N₄
Lead (IV) Nitride
FeF₂
Iron (II) Fluoride
LiNO₃
Li₁⁺ + NO₃¹⁻
Li₂SO₄
Li₁⁺ + SO₄²⁻
Li₃PO₄
Li₁⁺ + PO₄³⁻
Ca(NO₃)₂
Ca²⁺ + NO₃¹⁻
CaSO₄
Ca²⁺ + SO₄²⁻
Ca₃(PO₄)₂
Ca²⁺ + PO₄³⁻
Al(NO₃)₃
Al³⁺ + NO₃¹⁻
Al₂(SO₄)₃
Al³⁺ + SO₄²⁻
AlPO₄
Al³⁺ + PO₄³⁻
Cation
Positively Charged Ion
Anion
Negatively Charged Ion
Metals
Cations are what type of substance? (generally)
Nonmetals
Anions are what type of substance? (generally)
Heat Capacity
Heat required to raise the temperature of an object or sample by 1° Celsius
J/°C
Formula for Heat Capacity
Specific Heat Capacity
The quantity of energy required to raise the temperature of a 1g sample of something by 1° Celsius
J/°C/g
Formula for Specific Heat Capacity
Acids
_____ Contain at least one hydrogen atom that can be removed when it's dissolved in water
Acid
____ is a substance that produces hydrogen/hydronium ions in water
Hydronium
Forms when H⁺ reacts with water
Sour
Acids taste ____
acid formula (aq) + water (l) → anion of the acid (aq) + H₃O(aq)
How to write Ionization reactions for acids
Water
Basically take a H⁺ off the acid and add it to the _____
hydro
The first part of the name for simple acids is the prefix _____
ic
For simple acids, after the prefix hydro, the root name of the simple anion follows with an __ on the end
ic
For polyatomic acids, the first part is the name of the anion which is shortened and the suffix __ is added to the end if the anion ends in "ate"
ous
For polyatomic acids, the first part is the name of the anion which is shortened and the suffix ___ is added to the end if the anion ends in "ite"
Base
any substance that forms hydroxide ions OH⁻ when dissolved in water
H⁺ acids
Bases react with __ atoms from ______
protons
acids give up _______ when dissolved in water
electrons
bases give up _________ when dissolved in water
bitter
bases taste ______
ionic compounds
bases are just named as _____ _________ if they contain hydroxide ions (except ammonia of course)
strong
_____ bases or acids ionize completely in the solution
weak
_____ bases or acids ionize very little in the solution
use this to indicate strong acid
use this to indicate weak acid
pH
this measures the concentration of hydronium atoms in a solution
Neutralization
reaction between an acid and base that produces salt and water
acid + base → salt + water
general equation for neutralization reactions
alkaline
a synonym for basic is ________