A measure of the amount of the average kinetic energy of the particles in matter
°F=(9/5)°C + 32
Formula for Celsius to Fahrenheit
Formula for Kelvin
The Very Right
Where are the Noble Gasses located on the periodic table?
The Very Left
Where are the Alkali Metals
the amount of energy it takes an electron to move from one energy level to another
Relative mass of an electron
Relative mass of a proton
relative mass of a neutron
The Second Column From the Right
Where are the Halogens located
A stationary charge built up on the surface of a material
if electrons>protons, there is a _______ charge
if protons>electrons, there is a ______ charge
The charging of an object without direct contact.
The passing of charge from one object to another just by making contact
Positively Charged Ion
Negatively Charged Ion
Cations are what type of substance? (generally)
Anions are what type of substance? (generally)
Heat required to raise the temperature of an object or sample by 1° Celsius
Formula for Heat Capacity
Specific Heat Capacity
The quantity of energy required to raise the temperature of a 1g sample of something by 1° Celsius
Formula for Specific Heat Capacity
_____ Contain at least one hydrogen atom that can be removed when it's dissolved in water
____ is a substance that produces hydrogen/hydronium ions in water
Forms when H⁺ reacts with water
acid formula (aq) + water (l) → anion of the acid (aq) + H₃O(aq)
How to write Ionization reactions for acids
Basically take a H⁺ off the acid and add it to the _____
The first part of the name for simple acids is the prefix _____
For simple acids, after the prefix hydro, the root name of the simple anion follows with an __ on the end
For polyatomic acids, the first part is the name of the anion which is shortened and the suffix __ is added to the end if the anion ends in "ate"
For polyatomic acids, the first part is the name of the anion which is shortened and the suffix ___ is added to the end if the anion ends in "ite"
any substance that forms hydroxide ions OH⁻ when dissolved in water
Bases react with __ atoms from ______
acids give up _______ when dissolved in water
bases give up _________ when dissolved in water
bases taste ______
bases are just named as _____ _________ if they contain hydroxide ions (except ammonia of course)
_____ bases or acids ionize completely in the solution
_____ bases or acids ionize very little in the solution
use this to indicate strong acid
use this to indicate weak acid
this measures the concentration of hydronium atoms in a solution
reaction between an acid and base that produces salt and water
acid + base → salt + water
general equation for neutralization reactions
a synonym for basic is ________
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