Like this study set? Create a free account to save it.

Sign up for an account

Already have a Quizlet account? .

Create an account

breakup of large lipid droplets


Disease where very little insulin is produced by the pancreas


Amount of fluid that enters the nephron per unit time


Food is entering the blood from the digestive tract.

Absorptive State

The change from glucose catabolism to fat utilization as major energy


Lipoproteins formed in the intestine to carry lipids into circulation


Lipoproteins formed in the liver to carry cholesterol to peripheral tissues


Produce Gastrin

G Cells

Produce Insulin

Beta Cells

Produce stomach acid and intrinsic factor

Parietal Cells

Produce pepsinogen

Chief Cells

Produce Glucagon

Alpha Cells

Produce rennin and regulates GFR


Hormone secreted by the digestive tract which acts to stimulate hunger


Hormone secreted by "full" adipose cells which acts to decrease hunger.


The process by which the surface of a microorganism is covered with antibodies and complement, rendering it more likely to be phagocytized.


Glucose- dependent insulinotropic peptide (GIP) is stimulated by fasting


Glucose is the main energy source in the post-absorptive state


The hormone which is stimulated by the presence of acid in the small intestine, whose actions include inhibiting stomach acid secretion, which stimulating bicarbonate production is known as Gastrin


Unlike the other digestive enzymes, carbohydrate-digestive enzymes are secreted as inactive forms know as zymogens, in order to protect the secreting cell from self digestion.


The liver, gall bladder and pancreas are known as accessory digestive organs.


Suppressor T cells are lymphocytes that attack foreign cells or body cells infected with viruses.


The hormone vasopressin/ADH stimulates the kidneys to retain sodium ions.


. Macula Densa cells in the nephron secrete rennin.


Atrial natriuretic peptide ANP increases the GFR.


Though often overlooked, the digestive system plays important roles in protecting the body from viruses and bacteria.


The pancreas secretes a fluid rich in bicarbonate in response to the hormone motilin.


Acid is formed in the stomach by "Splitting" H20 into H+ and OH-, then combining the OH- with CO2 to form HCO3.


The single most important hormone determinant of basal metabolic rate BMR is.....

Thyroid hormone

GFR is more the RC

there is reabsorbtion

Lowdensity Lipoproteins and very low density lipoproteins......

Cannot penetrate the capillary walls, so must have 2 fatty acid enzymatically broken off and enter adipose cells.

29. Glucagon.....

Stimulates gluconeogenesis

30. Carbohydrates are broken down by the enzymes know as....


Anorexia Nervosa

The restriction of food intake due to the fear of gaining weight

The nutrients that yield the most energy per gram when metabolized are....


The portion of the nephron which is responsible for the secretion of products into the filtrate is..

Distal convoluted tubule

The hormone primarily responsible for increasing cellular uptake of glucose from the blood..


. Mucus functions in...


. Antibodies are proteins secreted by...

Plasma cells

Increased parasympathetic stimulation of the intestine would result in...

None of the ABOve

Antigen presentation is a primary function of which cell??

Macrophages, B-Cells, and dendritic cells

The principal antibody in circulation, it attacks microorganisms and their toxins is called..


Which of these is described incorrectly??

Actively acquired immunity- immunity passed via the placenta or milk to offspring

Atkins Diet

Smell the aceto acetate breath because of ketones

Normal level of LDL elevated HDL

Don't change life style.. High levels are good because it may lower your risk of developing heart disease. b/c HDL helps remove fat by binding with it in the bloodstream and carrying it back to the liver for excretion in the bile and disposal

regular exercise helps with NIDDM control blood glucose levels?

exercising improves your body's use of insulin, and insulin stimulates the liver and muscles to take in excess glucose. This results in lower glucose levels

Hormone increases protein and lipid catabolism.. uptake of muscle and adipose tissues..


If renal clearance of a substance is greater than the GFR of that substance what does that indicate about that substance in terms of kidney functions?

That there is a net secretion and not reabsorbation

Cholesterol high, removed from diet. Doctor accused you of cheating.

Nearly all cells in the body can synthesize cholesterol even without food. So even on a no chelosterol diet, the cells in your body may still produce high cholesterol numbers just by making it themselves.

GFR in kidney is controlled by altering BP in glomular without changing whole body bp.

The efferent arteriole dams up not allowing B.P outside of the glomerulus to effect the rest of the body.

Gastric Banding... Eat several small meals... ate big meal, passed out, why/

Because of the gastic dumping (undigested food into SI) that started absorbing too much of his bodies water causing( decrease in blood volume, low blood pressure, decreased oxygen to brain casing wooziness and fainting). Heart and brain not enough blood and oxygen.

Simple sugars like fruits and stay hydrated and keep

electrolytes balanced.

Ingested a macromolecule which strongly triggers the secretion of CCK.. what have you ingested?


Don't forget Essay and Lab Notebook!!


Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

Voice Recording