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Nutrition 200 Final Exam Chapters
New Chapters (13 and 14)
Terms in this set (87)
Trace minerals depend on...
soil and water composition
iron deficiency can lead to
non-essential trace minerals
Iron storage protein that captures iron from food in small intestine
When Iron is needed, Ferritin releases it to...
Heme Iron Sources
Meat, Fish and Poultry (MFP)
Non-heme iron sources
Plant and animal that is not bound by proteins
Peptide that increases non-heme iron absorption
Legumes, whole grains, and rice
Tannic acid in tea, coffee, and red wine
What is a dietary factor that inhibits the absorption of iron?
Excess ferritin is stored in the...
When Iron is high, liver converts iron into this storage protein which releases iron more slowly.
Hormone regulating iron balance by decreasing absorption and controlling release
What is the most common deficiency worldwide?
Inflammation and increased Hepcidin are linked with...
Vulnerable stages in life for iron deficiency
- Women in reproductive years
- Infants and young children (high milk intake)
Iron stores diminish
Decrease in transport iron
How to identify iron deficiency
Hemoglobin and hematocrit values
severe depletion of iron stores
- Low hemoglobin conc.
- Hypochromic (too little color)
- Microcytic (small cell)
Results of Anemia
Fatigue, Weakness, Headaches, Pallor
Craving and consumption of nonfood substances due to iron deficiency
- Unneeded iron is absorbed
- Most common genetic disorder in the US
- Free radicals damage liver and increase infections
Treatment for Hereditary Hemochromatosis
GI distress - Constipation
Vegetarians have a higher RDA for iron because...
There is a low bioavailability for nonheme iron sources
To enhance iron absorption you can take supplements of
- Helps immune fucntion
- Helps defend against free radicals
- Sperm Production
The recycling of zinc occurs in...
Zinc in the blood...
Albumin and transferrin
Vulnerable groups to Zinc deficiency
Middle Eastern boys
Effects of Zinc Deficiency
Growth retardation, impaired immune response, damage to CNS
Zinc Toxicity is based on interference with copper metabolism and can cause
degeneration of the heart muscle
Sources of Zinc
Protein rich foods such as shellfish, and vegetables depends on soil used
Form in food
Form in body
Iodine is a major part of...
Goiter and irreversible brain damage
Iodine deficiency during pregnancy that can cause irreversible brain damage
Iodine Toxicity causes
Enlarged thyroid gland
Selenium's role in the body is as an...
Selenium is similar to which vitamin?
Selenium deficiency is called
Heart Disease in china where soil and food lack selenium
Sources of Selenium
Soil that vegetables are grown in
Constituent of Enzymes
Copper defends against
If you have too much copper you should
increase zinc to lower it
Cardiovascular disease can be caused by
When copper absorbs but doesnt release (Low copper)
When copper accumulates in brain and liver (high copper)
Sources of copper
Copper plumbing water, and various foods
Elimination of copper
Fluoride in bones and teeth is
Sources of Fluoride
Toxicity of Fluoride
Participates in carbohydrate and lipid metabolism
Contaminant minerals that displace other minerals such as Iron, Calcium and Zinc
Mercury and Cadmium
Defend against cancer and protect against DNA damage
Yellow pigment in foods that defend against heart disease
Found in flaxseed
- Optimal Bone density
- Fall in resting pulse rate
- Low risk of cardiovascular disease
Benefits of fitness
Normal resting pulse rate
70 beats per minute
asking a little bit more of yourself each time you train
- Enhanced oxygen delivery
- Slower Heart rate
- Breathing is more efficient
- Circulation improves
- Blood pressure falls
Activity sustained for 20 minutes or more
Fit muscles use __________ efficiently
Muscle conditioning burns _____ longer
What is the purpose of resistance training?
The build muscle mass and maximize and maintain bone mass
ATP delivers NRG ________
Creatine phosphate is stored in the_______ and is split ____________
Anaerobic activities use....
aerobic activities use...
Glycogen will last longer with....
less intensity and more carbohydrates
(Glucose use during physical activity)
- 70% of energy should be from....
How many grams of carbohydrate should be consumed per hour during prolonged events?
Conditioned muscles rely less on...
Conditioned muscles rely more on...
What is the nutrient most rapidly depleted during activity?
What is the first symptom of dehydration?
Loss of sodium in blood
Glucose polymers in performance enhancing drinks attract less water in GI and allow water to...
stay in circulation
Post game meal should be...
rich in carbohydrates
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Nutrition 200 Final Exam
Nutrition 200 Final
Nutrition 200 Final
Human Nutrition Final Exam
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