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Terms in this set (24)
production of machinery
1. expansion of American slavery system
2. growth of cities
3. wage work and factory system began
the rapid growth in the speed of transportation
Panic of 1837
a severe economic depression
Increased the amount and spread of information; first telegraph ran from Washington d.c. to Baltimore
The Birth of the Machine Age
Whitney's Interchangeable parts kickstarted the machine age; led to many social and economic changes for people's lives during this period.
interchangeable parts, cotton gin, reaper, and steal bladed plow
Birth of the American factory
Francis Cabot Lowell helped designed a new organizational structure for labor
known as the Waltham-Lowell system, which birthed the modern factory.
what was unreliable as a form of employment?
The Gradual Decline of Northern Slavery
By the early 1800s, states north of the Mason-Dixon line had taken steps to abolish slavery.
What emancipation laws did the states pass?
children of enslaved women to be freed after an indentured servitude of 20-28 years.
Who was last to pass these laws?
Who was nearly thrown in jail for protesting his indentured servitude?
What was the free black population of the North at the start and end?
start: 60,000 at 1790
end: 186,000 at 1810.
The Expansion of Slavery
as the cotton gin increased both the potential supply and demand for cloth, enslaved population gradually increased.
what was the enslaved population at the start and end?
1790= <700,000 people enslaved
1820= >1,500,000 people enslaved
Resistance to Slavery
Congress made harboring a fugitive or freedom seeking enslaved person a federal crime as early as 1793. These laws would be strengthened several times prior to the start of the Civil War.
The Ideology of Separate Spheres and Coverture
The idea that the world/sphere of economic production and political life belonged
The idea that the world/sphere of consumption and domestic life belonged to
Women, ideally, were to be mothers, homemakers, and moral educators..NOT partners in production or legal matters.
Th legal notion of couture
women were legally non-existent and divorce was not legal
What is love?
The idea that your spouse should be compatible with you, or a companionate marriage, began to be more popular.
Anti-Jackson political party
Indian Removal Act of 1830
Assimilate and give up tribal sovereignty OR remove to Oklahoma
the name of the journey of forced removal of Cherokee natives from the southeast to Oklahoma.
The Whig coalition was made up of
Northeastern Republicans in favor of tariffs, infrastructure, and bringing back the National Bank
Henry Clay of Kentucky
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