Chapter 12 Glossery, Sexual Assault
Chapter 12, Criminal behavior phys. Sexual Assault Gary R. Swain
Terms in this set (22)
Anger Rape (p372)
A rape situation, identified by Groth, in which an offender uses more force than necessary for compliance and engages in a variety of sexual acts that are particularly degrading or humiliating to the victim.
Compensatory rapist (p350)
An offender who rapes in response to an intense sexual arousal initiated by stimuli in the environment, often quite specific stimuli (e.g., dark-haired women). His main motive is to prove his sexual prowess.
Date or acquaintance rape (p350)
A sexual assault that occurs within the context of a dating relationship.
Displaced aggression rapist, displaced anger,
anger-retaliation rapist (p366)
The rapist whose attack is violent and aggressive, displaying minimum or total absence of sexual feeling also called anger-retaliation rapist.
Expressive sexual aggression (p357)
A rape situation in which the offender's primary goal is to gain some control over his life.
Forcible Rape (p349)
The carnal knowledge of a female, forcibly and against her will. It includes rape by force, assault to rape, and attempt rape. Although victims may be both female and male, the UCR definition limits this to female victims.
Global risk recognition failure (p356)
Tendency of some women to believe they are immune to sexual assault.
Impulsive rapist, exploitative rapist (p370)
A rapist who demonstrates neither strong sexual nor aggressive features, but engages in spontaneous rape when the opportunity presents itself. The rape is usually carried out in the context of another crime, such as robbery or burglary. Also called exploitative rapist.
Instrumental sexual aggression (p357)
When the sexual offender uses just enough coercion to gain compliance from his victim.
Marital rape (p349)
Rape that occurs within a marital relationship. These sexual assaults are rarely reflected in official crime data.
Opportunity rapist (p370)
Rapist whose sexual assault is an impulsive, predatory act that is controlled by institutional and contextual factors, such as a woman being present during the commission of another crime.
Pervasive anger rapist (p370)
A rapist characterized by anger directed toward virtually everyone he knows.
Power rape (p372)
A rape situation, identified by Groth, in which the assailant seeks to establish power and control over his victim. Thus, the amount of force and threats used depends on the degree of submission shown by the victim.
Rape by fraud (349)
The act of having sexual relations with a supposedly consenting adult female under fraudulent conditions, such as when a physician or psychotherapist has sexual intercourse with a patient under the guise of "effective treatment."
Rape Myths (p361)
A variety of mistaken beliefs about the crime of rape and its victims held by many men and women.
Sadistic rape (p372)
A rape situation, identified by Groth, in which the offender experiences sexual arousal and excitement as a result of the victim's torment, distress, helplessness, and suffering. The assault usually involves bondage and torture, and the rapist directs considerable abuse and injury on various areas of the victim's body.
Sexual aggressive rapist, Sadistic rapist (p357)
A rapist who demonstrates both sexual and aggressive features in his attack In order for him to experience sexual arousal, it must be associated with violence and pain, which excite him. Also called sadistic rapist.
Sexual gratification rapist (p370)
Rapist who motivation is hypothesized to be sexual, marked by the presence of protracted sexual or sadistic fantasies that influence as well as sustain the rape. These offenders have in common some form of enduring sexual preoccupation.
Specific (or situations) risk recognition failure (p356)
Refers to tendency of some women not to recognize certain situations as high risk for sexual assault.
Statutory rape (p349)
Rape for which the age of the victim is the crucial distinction, on the premise that a victim below a certain age (usually 16) cannot validly consent to sexual intercourse with an adult.
Three-path model (p365)
Proposed by Knight and Sims-Knight. Hypothesis that proposes there are three developmental paths to become a sexual offender.
Vindictive Offender (p370)
For rapists in this category, unlike the pervasively angry rapists, their anger is not generalized to people in general. Rather, the vindictive rapists direct their anger primarily toward women. Their offenses are characterized by humiliating, degrading, and physically harmful behavior toward the victim. Men in this group can be further subdivided based on either high or low levels of social competency.