66 terms

My Systems Analysis Ch.3

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In a PERT/CPM chart, each rectangular box, called a task box, has five sections that contain important information about a task.
True
When two or more concurrent tasks depend on a single prior task, the concurrent tasks are called ____ tasks.
successor
For a project manager, reporting _____.
includes informing management, users, and the project team about the progress of the project
____ is a time estimate the project manager makes for a task.
The worst-case estimate
The best-case estimate
The probable-case estimate
System developers can initiate a formal project as early as the preliminary investigation stage, or later on, as analysis, design, and implementation activities occur.
True
Most risk identifications include a brief description of ____.
who would be responsible for responding to a given risk
GanttProject can open files created with ____.
Microsoft Project
In a PERT/CPM chart, each task has which of the following ____.
start day/date
Problems with timetables and project milestones can indicate ____.
personality conflicts among team members
A ____ might involve maximums for one or more resources.
constraint
A PERT/CPM chart does not show the project as a network diagram with tasks connected
by arrows.
False
Microsoft claims that Microsoft Project has the capability of ____.
assign ownership of risks
Critical time is the amount of time that a task would be late without pushing back the completion date of the entire project.
False
Project management is dynamic and challenging, regardless of which software you use..
True
A _____ cannot be started until one or more other tasks are completed.
dependent task
Gantt charts often are included in progress reports to show project status graphically.
True
_____ is a full-featured program that holds the dominant share of the project management software market.
Microsoft Project
When several tasks can start at the same time, each is called a(n) ____ task.
concurrent
Project management software can highlight the series of tasks that form the critical path.
True
When an information system does not meet business requirements, causes might include ____
imprecise targets
A event is a recognizable reference point that you can use to ____.
monitor progress
For a project manager, monitoring _____.
requires guiding, supervising, and coordinating the project team's workload
Project management is dynamic and challenging, regardless of which software you use.
True
Tasks that are not on the critical path cannot be ignored.
True
Often, two or more concurrent tasks depend on a single prior task, which is called a successor task.
False
Although a Gantt chart provides more detailed information about a project, a PERT/CPM chart offers a rapid overview that graphically displays the timing, duration, and progress of each task
False
Gantt charts are an ideal tool for controlling a complex project because they provide plenty of detailed information.
False
Which of the following are metrics of a successful project ____.
delivery of a product that satisfies users
Using a WBS allows you to manage a project as one large task
False
Which of the following is an example of an event?
the start of user training
conversion of system data
completion of interviews
A risk ____ plan is a proactive effort to anticipate a risk and describe an action plan to deal with it.
response
Using prior experience to make time and cost estimates works best for large projects.
false
The accompanying figure shows task ____, which simplify a complex task by combining several activities.
groups
In most systems analysis tasks, time and people are interchangeable.
False
When tasks must be completed one after another, they are called concurrent tasks.
False
Two or more concurrent tasks often depend on a single prior task, which is called a(n) ____ task
predecessor
When two or more concurrent tasks depend on a single prior task, each of the concurrent tasks is called a predecessor task.
False
If team members lack experience with certain aspects of the required technology, temporary help might be obtained from IT consultants or part-time staff.
True
A ____ path includes all tasks that are vital to the project schedule.
critical
When a project manager first recognizes that a project is in trouble, the options available to her include ____.
delaying the project deadline
A(n) ____ chart displays complex task patterns and relationships
PERT/CPM
In GanttProject, unlike in Microsoft Project, you create tasks and durations, indicate dependencies, and assign resources.
False
When an information system does not meet business requirements, causes might include ____.
imprecise targets
_____ is a full-featured program that holds the dominant share of the project management software market
Microsoft Project
A ____ is an event that could affect a project negatively.
risk
The first step in creating a WBS is to ____.
identify all tasks
If any task along the critical path falls behind schedule, the entire project is delayed.
True
In addition to tasks, every project has ____, which are reference points used to monitor progress and manage the project.
milestones
Project managers always must be aware of the ____ path, so they can monitor the vital tasks and keep the project on track.
critical
Effective project reporting requires ____.
strong communication skill
Project status meetings give project managers an opportunity to seek input and conduct brainstorming sessions.
True
The purpose of quantitative risk analysis is to understand the actual impact in terms of dollars, time, project scope, or quality.
True
When maintaining schedules, if enough ____ and frequent checkpoints exist, problems will be detected rapidly
milestones
When several tasks can take place at the same time, each is called a sequential task.
False
In any project, large or small, tasks depend on each other and must be performed in a sequence.
True
A project manager's scheduling function _____.
involves staffing, which includes selecting the project team and assigning specific tasks to team members
A(n) ____ chart displays complex task patterns and relationships.
PERT/CPM
Microsoft's risk management model includes ____
category, which specifies the risk type
Although a Gantt chart provides more detailed information about a project, a PERT/CPM chart offers a rapid overview that graphically displays the timing, duration, and progress of each task.
False
Structured walk-throughs take place throughout the SDLC and are called ____ reviews, depending on the phase in which they occur.
code
design
testing
In the end, every successful information system must ____.
support business requirements
stay within budget
be completed on time
A project manager, or project leader, usually is a senior systems analyst or an IT department manager if the project is large.
True
PERT/CPM is called a(n) ____ technique, because it analyzes a large, complex project as a series of individual tasks.
bottom-up
Most managers recognize that problems do occur on most projects; it is better to alert management sooner rather than later.
True
The Apptivo ____ is free of charge with unlimited duration.
Standard Plan
A project triangle shows three legs: _____.
project cost, scope, and time