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toddlers taught to fear speeding cars may also begin to fear speeding trucks and motorcycles. this best illustrates
after learning to fear a white rat, little albert responded with fear to the sight of a rabbit. this best illustrates the process of
a stimulus that acquires reinforcing power by association with another reinforcer is called a ___ reinforcer
an aversive consequence that decreases the recurrence of the behavior that precedes it is a
research on ____ indicates that events from the distant past are especially vulnerable to memory distortion
an animal trainer is teaching a miniature poodle to balance on a ball. Initially, he gives the poodle a treat for approaching the ball, then only for placing its front paws on the ball, and finally, only for climbing on the ball. The trainer is using the method of
the ability to distinguish between a conditioned stimulus and similar stimuli that do not signal an unconditioned stimulus is called
children learn to fear spiders more easily than they learn to fear guns. This best illustrates the impact of ___ on learning
the predictability rather than the frequency of CS-UCS associations appears to be crucial for classical conditioning. This highlights the importance of ___ in conditioning
epinephrine, a physically and emotionally arousing hormone, is likely to facilitate the formation of
kathy performs better on foreign language vocabulary tests if she studies the material fifteen minutes every day for eight days than if she crams for two hours the night before the test. this best illustrates what is known as the
kathleen developed an intense fear of flying five years ago when she was in a plane crash. the fact that today she can again fly without distress indicates that her fear has undergone
schedule of reinforcement in which a response is reinforced only after a specified number of responses have been made
participants in an experiment were asked how fast two cars in a filmed traffic accident were going when they smashed into each other. many of these participants subsequently recalled seeing broken glass at the scene of the accident. this experiment best illustrated the
after finding his friends phone number, alex was able to remember it only long enough to dial it correctly. in this case, the telephone number was clearly stored in his ___ memory
the more depressed betty feels, the more easily she remembers many of the sad events in her life. this best illustrates
experiments have shown that children who are promised a payoff for playing with an interesting toy subsequently lost interest in the toy. these experiments provide an example of
elaine recalls last year's paris vacation more positively than she evaluated it when it occurred. this best illustrates
rapid; slows down
ebbinghaus discovered that the rate at which we forget novel information is initially ___ and subsequently ___
garcia and koelling's studies of taste aversion in rats demonstrated that classical conditioning is constrained by
secondary reinforcement; primary reinforcement
response-stimulus associations are to ___ as stimulus-stimulus associations are to ___
a retention of skills and dispositions without conscious recollection is known as ___ memory
studies of the conditioned eye-blink response in rabbits suggest that implicit memories are stored in the
"the magical number seven, plus or minus two" refers to the storage capacity of ___ memory
___ stimulus is an originally neutral stimulus that, after association with a UCS, comes to trigger a conditioned response
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