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First Exam History
Terms in this set (4)
Discuss Homer's works, particularly The Iliad. What do they tell us about the ancient Greeks, the gods, and warfare?
Illiad = epic
Siege of troy
Talks about Gods and Arete (excellence)
About Love and War
Essentially Goes to show that going to war is an act of Heroism and truly helps the ego men and Gods
Wife begs him not to go to war
Son comes in and doesn't recognize him
Hector asks Zeus to make him a better warrior
Achilles (greatest Greek warrior) hates hector (greatest troy warrior) so much he drags his body
Prium (father) comes and gives a speech using the art of rhetoric
Achilles releases body
Paris (brother) kills achilles
Lot of retaliation
The Greeks thought the polis was the only form of political organization in which people could recognize their full potential? Why? Describe the Greek polis. Compare and contrast Athens and Sparta, showing how their governments and culture developed.
Small enough for people to participate
Large enough to be self sufficient
Artistotle said that one person should be able to talk to all people
Athens: gradually develop democracy
Solon: the reformer (men can vote)
Sparta: more military based
Boys get touher edu.
Spartans can own land but cant work on it
In the classical era, stories about the gods were fundamental to Greek drama, but both the cosmologists (pre-Socratics) and the sophists sought to explain the world in more rational terms. Discuss and explain.
Cosmologists: Pythagoras said numbers were the root of everything
Hippocrates: His oath is still used today, greatest physician , studied epilepsy, disease is not random, observed patients
Democritus: Atoms, world of small atoms
Protagoras: First persuasive speaker teacher, rhetoric and relativism, make weak arguments look strong. Tied to sophists who were looked down upon for being sleezy
How did the philosophers Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle apply human reason to many scientific and human problems and provide the basis for western philosophy?
Socrates: Ask questions, 399 drank a bowl of Hemlock and died
Plato: wrote down Socrates' lessons... allegory of the cave.. senses can only take you so far when discovering the truth
Aristotle: Scientist... collect data
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