37 terms

APES Chapter 1 Vocabulary House

Tyler Sinclair
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Terms in this set (...)

Environment
The sum of all the conditions surrounding us that influence life
Environmental Science
The field of study that looks at interactions among human systems and those found in nature
System
Any set of interacting components that influence one another by exchanging energy or materials
Ecosystem
Particular location on Earth whose interacting components include biotic and abiotic components
Biotic
Living
Abiotic
Nonliving
Environmentalist
Person who participates in environmentalism
Environmental Studies
Environmental policy, economics,literature, and ethics
Ecosystem Services
The process by which life-supporting resources are produced
Environmental Indicators
Describe the current state of an environmental system
Sustainability
Living on Earth in a way the allows us to use its resources without depriving future generations of those resources
Boidiversity
Diversity of life forms in an environment
Species
Group of organisms that is distinct from other in its morphology, behavior, or biochemical properties
Speciation
Evolution of a new species
Backgrounds Extinction Rate
The average rate at which species go extinct over the long term
Greenhouse Gases
Heat trapping gas that acts as a blanket in Earth's atmosphere
Anthropogenic
Derived from human activities
Development
Improvement in human well being through economic advancement
Sustainable Development
Development that balances current human well-being and economic advancement with resource management for the benefit of future generations
Biophilia
Love of life
Ecological Footprint
Measure of how much that person consumes, expressed in land area
Scientific Method
Objective way to explore the natural world, draw inferences from it, and predict the outcome of certain events, processes, or changes
Hypothesis
Testable conjecture about how something works
Null Hypothesis
Statement or idea that can be falsified, proved wrong
Replication
Taking several sets of measurements
Sample Size
Number of times a measurement is replicated
Accuracy
How closea measured value is to the actual or true value
Precision
How close to one another the repeated measurements of the same sample are
Uncertainty
An estimate of how much a measured or calculated value differs from a true value
Inductive Reasoning
Proces of making general statementsfrom specific facts or examples
Deductive Reasoning
The process of applying a general statement to specific facts or situations
Critical Thinking
Questioning the source of the information, considering the methods or processes that were used to obtain the information, and draw your own conclusions
Theory
Hypothesis that has been repeatedly tested and confirmed by multiple groupsof researchers and has reached a wide acceptance
Natural Law
Theory to which there are no known exceptions and which has withstood rigorous testing
Control Group
Group that experiences exactly the same conditions as the experimental group, except for the single variable under study
Natural Experiment
Occurs when a natural event acts as an experimental treatment in an ecosystem
Environmental Justice
Social movement and field of study that works toward equal enforcement of environmental laws and the elimination of disparities, whether intended or unintended, in how pollutants and other environmental harms are distributed among the various ethnic and socioeconomic groups within a society