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Terms in this set (70)
what medications involve the gastrointestinal tract?
most common enteral route of administration is....
the oral route
advantages of oral administration
less expensive, no equipment needed, less invasive
disadvantages of the oral route
risk of choking, possible aspiration of the medication into the lungs, thus leading to infection or death , stomach acid destroys or inactivates many medication
most common medication not given via oral route because of stomach acid destroying it
the most rapid absorption of medicine via oral route is on an empty stomach... true or false
disks of compressed medication in distinctive shapes and colors
what is a unit dose?
pills that come prepackaged in individual doses
a group of unit doses may be contained in what?
a blister pack
you should always wash your hands before administering medications and never touch the pill to prevent transfer of microbes to the patient, true or false
you can do this to tablets before administration and can mix with food or liquid to make it easier to swallow
this is used to crush pills and tablets
mortar and pestle
you can crush enteric coated tablets and time released capsules, true or false
gelatin coated capsules can be pulled apart to mix into food for patients with difficult swallowing, true or false
where are enteric coated pills released?
enteric coated medication is useful in patients with what?
stomach ulcers and sensitivity
what are buffered tablets?
added antacids to prevent stomach irritation
what is it called to mark a pill in half?
these are oblong shaped and sometimes can be easier to swallow
these types of pills are in a time release or delayed action form to prevent it from being broken down in stomach acid
more alkalotic environment for medications
an extended-release capsule used to treat ADHD
easier to swallow and more quickly absorbed are what form of medication
granules or coarse powders containing one or more medicinal agents, as well as tartaric acid or sodium bicarbonate
when dissolved in water or other liquids, effervescent salts produce....
alka-seltzer is an example of what and is used for what
effervescent salts used for heartburn
advantages of effervescent salts
medication is already dissolved and doesn't have to wait for the stomach to dissolve before it begins to work
disadvantages of effervescent salts
possible allergies to active ingredients like most other medications
liquid medication that contains alcohol
alcohol helps to dissolve the medication and make it more palatable, true or false
what would happen if an elixirs cap wasn't tightly closed
alcohol would evaporate and would change the concentration of the medication and dosing errors can occur
these should not be given to children or anyone suffering from diabetes or alcoholism
liquid drug preparation that contains oils and fats in water
liquid and fine particles in water, such as milk of magnesia
finely ground forms of an active drug, sometimes given for pain relief, such as Goody's
powders are placed where
bulk powder laxatives are added to this and taken orally
large amounts of liquid
medication is evenly distributed throughout a liquid and will not separate ... does not need shaken
an example of a solution that is used to irrigate eyes
normal saline solution
medications dispersed in liquid but must be shaken before it is administered
this separates into different layers of liquid and must be shaken...an example of this suspension is...
pepto-bismol that is used for stomach discomfort
medications that have been added to highly sweeten liquids and popular with children
an example of a syrup is
Robitussin cough syrup
use this to administer liquid medication
calibrated medicine cup
what level do you read a cup of liquid medication
offer water after taking a medication to coat the throat, true or false
top of fluid
NG tube leads where
from nose to the stomach
when giving meds into an NG tube, you must flush it before and after with...
how to check to be sure an NG tube is in the stomach
injecting air into the tube and listening for the sound of air with a stethoscope or drawing back on a syringe attached to check if stomach contents flow backward into the syringe
only these can be delivered through an NG tube
liquids and tablets that have been crushed and mixed with water
what would happen if NG tube became displaced with the tip in the respiratory system
lead to aspiration pneumonia or death if fluid is administered by this route
flushing the tube with NSS before and after medications are administered is for what reason
keep the tube patent
the cheek is referred to as..,
troches are known as
nystatin is used to treat what type of infection
lydocaine solution is used for
used for patients receiving chemo and have mouth lesions
avoid doing what for 15-20 minutes after receiving a buccal medication to maximize the effect and prevent it from being washed away
under the tongue
these provide a rich blood supply for quick absorption of a drug under the tongue
nitroglycerin, which improves heart function, is placed sublingually for immediate relief of this
chest pain or heart attack
suppositories, enemas, suspensions, and ointments can be administered which route
rectal medications sometimes cannot be delivered other routes due to...
no IV access, not alert enough to swallow, and some do not come in parenteral forms
phenergan is used for what
nausea and vomiting
because suppositories soften when warm to release medications, they must be kept ....
liquids administered rectally to soften stool, cleanse bowels, or deliver medication
mesalamine is used for
a gastrointestinal anti-inflammatory medication
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