Romanesque Europe - Multiple Choice
Terms in this set (34)
The term Roman-like was adopted to describe the architecture of the Romanesque period, because it relied on elements of Roman architecture such as
Groin and barrel vaults
Which of the following encouraged the growth of towns and cities?
An increase in trade
__ was the economic system that was gradually replaced by the growth of towns and cities during the Romaneaque period
One of the factors that contributed to the enormous surge in church building during the Romanesque period was the
Thanksgiving experienced at the peaceful conclusion of the first millennium
Pilgrims often journeyed to churches to view __, which were the material remains of holy figures.
The primary motivation for undertaking a pilgrimage, which was extremely dangerous and could often last a year, was
To seek salvation or a cure
Pilgrims believed that relics could
Heal body and soul
Saint Faith at Conques, Saint James at Santiago de Compostela and Saint-Sernin at Tolouse are all examples of __ churches
The purpose of tribunes such as those found at Saint James at Santiago de Compostela and Saint-Sernin in Toulouse was
To house the overflow crowds and to buttress the weight of the vaults
The nave of pilgrimage churches, such as Saint-Sernin at Toulouse and Saint James, were covered by a
Cut-stone barrel vault
In the Romanesque period church interiors became impressive acoustical settings for church services. Which of the following architectural elements allowed for the excellent acoustics?
The continuous barrel-vaulted naves
__ was the artist of one of the earliest sets of Romanesque reliefs at Saint-Sernin
The monks of the __ order were one of the primary patrons of Romanesque sculpture.
Which of the following churches was the largest in Europe until the new St. Peter's in Rome was constructed in the 17th century?
__ were innovative architectural features that appeared at Cluny III
A three-story elevation and pointed arches
The __ is the covered courtyard in a monastery where monks and nuns prayed and meditated in quiet seclusion.
One of the primary reasons that Bernard of Clairvaux criticised the profusion of sculptural decoration in the Romanesque cloister was because it
Distracted the viewer from reading and prayer
The Cistercian monk who criticised the elaborate sculptural decoration in cloisters was
Bernard of Clairvaux
The ornate sculpted facade of Notre-Dame-la-Grande demonstrates the importance of having sculptural decoration visible to the
One of the most obvious differences between Cistercian churches such as Notre-Dame at Fontenay and other Romanesque churches in the absence of
The __ is the semi-circular arc above the lintel of a Romanesque portal
During the Romanesque period the vision of Christ's Second Coming was often depicted on which of the following?
__ is the church most closely associated with the crusades.
La Madeleine, Vezelay
The __ were the Christian campaigns to reclaim the Holy Land from the Muslims
At Pentecost the Apostles were called to
Spread the Gospels to all peoples
The mission of the __, the earliest crusading knights, was to protect Christians visiting Christian shrines in the Holy Land.
A(n) __ church is one in which the aisles are approximately the same height as the nave.
Saint-Savin is a hall church with paintings on the continuous vault of the nave. Which of the following allows for this?
The aisles are approximately the same height as the nave
__, in northern Spain, boasts more Romanesque murals than anywhere else in Europe.
Of the following characteristics, which is not relevant to Italian church architecture?
The Romanesque church that had a wooden ceiling like those found in Early Christian basilicas was which of the following?
San Miniato, Florence
Which of the architectural elements below was used for the exterior supports on Romanesque buildings?
The intersection of two barrel vaults creates which of the following?
The Bayeux Tapestry is unique among Romanesque art. Which of the following supports this claim?
It depicted an actual even in full detail shortly after it occured