"put on stage"; refers to all elements of a movie scene that are organized to be filmed: scenic elements like actors, lighting, sets, costumes, makeup, and other features of image that exist independently of camera/filming/editing, elements of a movie that are put in position before the filming begins & employed in a certain way once it does (i.e. actors, lights, sets, costumes, makeup) dark, pessimistic, sympathetic to working-class issues, rejected happy endings, biting social critiques, studio-bound realism, 20's small scale indep. Films, encouraged experimentation, but locked developed distribution, economic crisis=indep. Production & impressive creativity, low budget films took to the streets and outdoor sets, small independent films, literally means black film, characterized by "a downbeat atmosphere and graphic violence", right and wrong get blurred, contains a mood of darkness, cynicism, and despair, mostly crime melodramas, many of major film noir directors grew of of the german expressionist movement, similarities: wide angle lenses, harsh contrast between light and dark, angular compositions, mostly german expressionist; "black film" graphic violent, dark, cynical, criminal plots , an artistic style in architecture, art, literature, music, and film that incorporates fragments of or references to other styles; or the cultural period in which political, cultural, and economic shifts engendered challenges to the tenets of modernism, including its belief in the possibility of critiquing the world the world through art, the division of high and low culture, and the genius and independent identity of the artist; overused word with many meanings
1. Incorporating many styles through fragments or references in practice known as "pastiche"
2. Cultural period which political, cultural & economic shifts challenged tenets of modernism (high and low art)
Robert Wiene; german expressionist film, dreamlike story of somnambulist who stalks innocent victims, distorted artificial sets, German expressionist, less realist approach to film,
diverse visual elements; goal was to "express interior reality through exterior realities" , "haunted fibe" new tech moves, set design and cinematic design; murders in Germany, guy brought in "sleepwalker" but doctor makes guy kill, love interest takes her away, mental hospital, twist ending