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9 terms

KJZ Mnemonics from First Aid for the USMLE Step 2 CK

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The 6 P's of Compartment Syndrome
Pain,
Pallor,
Parestheisas,
Poikilothermia,
Paralysis,
Pulselessness
Phalen's
Falen's is Flexing (wrists, tests for carpal tunnel by reproducing aching & numbness in < 60 sec)
Tinel's
Tinel's Taps to cause Tingling (over median nerve, to test for carpal tunnel)
Causes of hyperuricemia
CCDDDDLLSS
Cell turnover increased (hemolysis, blast crisis, tumor lysis, myelodysplasia, psoriasis),
Cyclosporine,
Dehydration,
DI,
Diet (red meat, alcohol),
Lead poisoning,
Lesh-Nyhan,
Salicylates (low dose),
Starvation
CREST syndrome
Calcinosis,
Raynaud's phenomenon,
Esophageal dysmotility,
Sclerodactyly,
Telangiectasias
Criteria for SLE
DOPAMINE RASH
Discoid rash,
Oral ulcers,
Photosensitivity,
Arthritis,
Malar rash,
Immunologic criteria,
Neurologic sx (lupus cerebritis, seizures)
Elevated ESR,
Renal dz,
ANA +,
Serositis (pleural or pericardial effusion),
Hematologic abnormalities
Drugs that can cause a lupus syndrome
CHIMPs mind their Ps & Qs
Chlorpromazine,
Hydralazine,
INH,
Methyldopa,
Penicillamine,
Procainamide,
Quinidine
Duchenne's cause
Duchenne has Deficiency of Dystrophin
Making a differential diagnosis
D rugs
I nfection
R heumatologic/autoimmune
E ndocrine
C ardiovascular
T rauma
I nflammatory
O ther
N eoplasm