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Natural gender rule
- applies to all declensions
- a noun naming a male person is masculine
- a noun naming a female person is feminine
3rd declension poem
In masculīnī generis,
are words with os, nis, guis, or cis,
in es (-itis) and ex (-icis);
as neuter marks the -us (with -ris)
3rd declension masculine and feminine i-stem rule
- same number of syllables in the nominative singular and genitive singular (example, hostis, hostis)
- stem ends in 2 consonants (example, geNTis)
Unique characteristic of all neuter nouns and adjectives
the nominative and accusative are the same, both in the singular and the plural
- a noun or a phrase that is "put beside" another noun to rename or explain it
- set off by commas
Six 3rd declension neuter nouns in the first part of Henle
An adjective agrees with its noun in gender, number, and case, but not necessarily declension
Position rule for adjectives
Adjectives of quantity usually precede their nouns; adjectives of quality usually follow.
The grammatical concept of PERSON
1st person (person speaking)
2nd person (person spoken to)
3rd person (person spoken about)
The sign of the first conjugation
All verbs whose present infinitive active (2nd principal part) ends in -are belong to the 1st conjugation
Four principal parts of the 1st conjugation (laudo)
(laudo, laudare, laudavi, laudatus)
How to find and use the present stem
Find the present stem by dropping the ending from the second principal part, and tack on the present, imperfect and future tenses.
How to form imperfect tense
Use the present stem (2nd principal part, whack off the "are", "ere", "ire", etc.)
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