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WHAP Chapter 18
Terms in this set (47)
Who was the founder of the Mali empire?
the lion prince Sundiata
Where did Sundiata build the capital city?
The earliest migrants relied on an ____________ economy.
Why did the Bantu migrate?
Scholars often use the term _________ ______ to refer to one form of social organization widely prevalent in Africa during and after the Bantu migrations.
How did Bantu peoples govern themselves?
through family and kinship groups
_______ was perhaps the most tightly centralized of the early Bantu kingdoms.
What were the preferred transport animals throughout the Sahara Desert?
The principal state of West Africa at the time of the Muslims' arrival there was the _________ of ______.
kingdom of Ghana
_______ became the most important commercial site in West Africa because it became the center for trade in gold.
What was the Ghana kingdom's capital and principal trading site?
By about the tenth century, the kings of Ghana had converted to ______.
Al-Bakri described ________-_____ as a flourishing site with buildings of stone and more than a dozen mosques.
How did the Kingdom of Ghana collapse?
raids from the desert weakened the kingdom as it expanded
The powerful ____ empire emerged just as the kingdom of Ghana in west Africa dissolved.
____ controlled and taxed almost all trade passing through West Africa.
The significance of trade and Islam for west Africa became apparent during the reign of Sundiata's grand-nephew _____ ____
_____ _____ ruled Mali during the high point of the empire.
Mansa Musa drew great inspiration from his pilgrimage to _______, and upon his return built schools, mosques, and sent students to study with Islamic scholars in north Africa.
By the late fifteenth century, the _______ empire had completely overcome Mali.
By the second century CE, Bantu peoples had populated much of ____ Africa.
What are the three things the Bantus introduced to west Africa?
agriculture, cattle herding, and iron metallurgy
These Bantu coast dwellers supplemented their agricultural production with ocean fishing & maritime trade, and were also the builders of ________ society.
Swahili is an Arabic term meaning "________," referring to those who engaged in trade along the east African coast.
By the tenth century, Swahili society attracted increasing attention from ________ merchants.
One of the busiest city-states on the east African coast was _____.
The earliest Bantu inhabitants of Kilwa relied on ________ and engaged in a limited amount of trade.
With a population of about twelve thousand, ______ was a thriving city with many stone buildings and mosques.
What does the term zimbabwe refer to?
the dwelling of a chief
G_____ __________ was a city of stone towers, palaces, and public buildings that served as the capital of a large kingdom situated between the Zambesi and the Limpopo rivers.
Kings residing at Great Zimbabwe controlled and _____ the trade between the interior and coastal regions.
The Indian Ocean trade generated wealth that financed the organization of city-states on the ______ and large kingdoms in the interior regions of east and central Africa.
Like their counterparts in west Africa, the ruling elites and the wealthy merchants converted to ______.
By the eleventh century, Africa was a land of enormous _________.
What two things served as the main foundation of social and economic organization in small-scale agricultural societies?
extended families and clans
Because it did not become a popular faith for several centuries after its introduction, ______ did not deeply influence the customs of most Africans.
___ _______ helped to integrate societies founded principally on the basis of kinship.
______ were an important form of personal wealth in sub-Saharan Africa.
All African peoples recognized a single, superior, male _______ ___ called by many different names.
Much of the ritual of African religions focused on the honoring of spirits or ___________ _____ to win their favor or regain their goodwill.
_________ were people who had the power to mediate between humanity and supernatural beings, and understood the networks of all relationships in their communities clearly.
What did African religion strongly emphasize?
morality and proper behavior as essential to the maintenance of an orderly world
What two religions of salvation won converts in sub-Saharan Africa?
Christianity and Islam
About the middle of the fourth century CE, Christianity established a foothold in the kingdom of ____, located in the highlands of modern Ethiopia.
__________ enjoyed particular favor in Ethiopia, whose rulers encouraged monasticism and carved eleven massive churches right into hillsides.
______ appealed strongly to ruling elites and merchants in sub-Saharan Africa because it served as a cultural foundation for their business relationships with Muslim merchants from northern Africa and southwest Asia.
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