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PSYCH FINAL EXAM
Terms in this set (58)
A positive state that includes striving for optimal health and life satisfaction.
A ratio of body weight to height, used to measure obesity.
Stigma of Obesity
Social negativity associated with being overweight.
leading causes for kids to start smoking, friends, parents, social, media, in crowd.
Positive Effects of Exercise
Helps control appetite, increase metabolism, and burn calories
A group of behavioral, mental, and physical processes o
An environmental event or stimulus that threatens an organism
Major Life Stressors
Large disruptions, especially unpredictable and uncontrollable catastrophic events, that affect central areas of people's lives.
Everyday irritations that cause small disruptions, the effects of which can add up to a large impact on health.
Fight or Flight Response
The physiological preparedness of animals to deal with danger.
Workout, Abuse alcohol, eat junk food, smoke cigarettes, use drugs
What people do when faced with negative stress?
Type A Personality
Personality traits characterized by competitiveness, achievement orientation, aggressiveness, hostility, restlessness, impatience with others, and an inability to relax.
Type B Personality
Personality traits characterized by being noncompetitive, relaxed, easy going, and accommodating.
A mental disorder characterized by sadness, hopelessness, pessimism, loss of interest in life, reduced emotional wellbeing, and abnormalities in sleep, appetite, and energy level.
The study of the strengths and virtues that allow people and communities to thrive.
Communicates information like emotional state, interest, and trustworthiness.
Why are facial expressions important?
Once we form stereotypes, we tend to maintain them
We tend to create mental stereotypes because they are a fast, easy way to thing about social information.
Groups that we belong to. We are more likely to do factors for ____ members or to forgive their mistakes or errors.
Groups we do not belong to.
People's evaluations of objects, of events, or of ideas.
Mere Exposure Effect
The increase in liking due to repeated exposure
Advertisers often use classical conditioning to create positive attitudes about a product.
Attitudes are shaped through socialization. Caregivers, peers, teachers, religious leaders, politicians, and media figures guide our attitude about many things.
An attitude that a person is consciously aware of and can report.
An attitude that influences a person's feelings and behavior at an unconscious level.
The active and conscious effort to change an attitude through the transmission of a message.
When the mere preference of others enhances performance
The tendency for people to work less hard in a group than when working alone.
A state of reduced individuality, reduced self-awareness, and reduced attention to personal standards; this phenomenon may occur when people are part of a group. EX Prison experiment
Group Decision Making
Groups make riskier decisions than individuals do (Risty-Shift-Effect). If most of the group members are somewhat cautious, then the group becomes more cautious (group polarization).Group members are particularly concerned with maintaining a good atmosphere within the group (groupthink).
The altering of your own behaviors and opinions to match those of other people or to match other people's expectations.
Expected standards of conduct, which influence behavior.
Acting in ways that tend to benefit others.
The act of providing help when it is needed, with no apparent reward for doing so.
Sickness or disorder of the mind
-Conduct an Interview
How do we asses symptoms?
What year was the DSM first published?
Systematically, based on symptoms.
How did the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders categorize disorders?
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
A diffuse state of constant anxiety not associated with any specific object or event.
An anxiety disorder that consists of sudden, overwhelming attacks of terror.
An anxiety disorder marked by a persistent, irrational fear and avoidance of a specific object or situation.
An anxiety disorder marked by fear of being in situations from which escape may be difficult or impossible. EX: being in big crowd.
An emotional state of high energy, with the stress response as the body's reaction to it.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
A disorder characterized by frequent intrusive thoughts that create anxiety and compulsive actions that temporarily reduce the anxiety.
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
A mental disorder that involves frequent nightmares, intrusive thoughts, and flashbacks related to an earlier trauma.
Major Depressive Disorder
Mood disorder, characterized by extremely depressed moods or lack of interest in normally pleasurable activities, that persists for two weeks or more.
Persistent depressive Disorder
Mood disorder, characterized by middy or moderately depressed moods, that persists for at least two years.
An anxiety disorder that consists of sudden, overwhelming attacks of terror.
Sweat, tremble, feel heart racing, shortness of breath, chest pain, feeling lightheaded or dizzy, numbness or tingling in hands and feet.
What happens during panic attacks?
Bipolar I Disorder
Mood disorder characterized by extremely elevated moods during manic episodes.
Bipolar II Disorder
Mood disorder characterized by alternating periods of extremely depressed and mildly elevated moods.
Borderline Personality Disorder
A personality disorder characterized by disturbances in identity, in moods, and in impulse control.
Antisocial Personality Disorder
A personality disorder marked my disregard for and violation of the rights of others and by lack of remorse.
Autism Spectrum Disorder
A developmental disorder characterized by deficits in social interaction, by impaired communication, and by restricted, repetitive behavior and interests.
Dissociative Identity Disorder
The occurrence of two or more distinct identities in the same individual.
child maintains adequate cognitive and language development but becomes impaired in social interaction, develop restricted repetetive and stereotyped patterns of behavior
Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
A disorder characterized by excessive activity or fidgeting, inattentiveness, and impulsivity
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PSYO 315 Questions
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Dr. Pauling wanted to study whether vitamin C affects self-esteem. He recruited 200 people who came to his lab. Participants were told that they were about to take part in a harmless research study, and they needed to sign a release form in case there were harmful side effects from the vitamin C pills. The 100 participants on the right side of the room received a pill with vitamin C and the others on the left received a pill with caffeine. Dr. Pauling then gave each group a list of questions to answer in essay form about their self-esteem. When they were finished, he tanked the participants and sent them on their way. After compiling his findings, Dr. Pauling printed the names of the students and their results in the campus newspaper so the y would know the results of the test. Dr. Pauling concluded that vitamin C had a positive effect on self-esteem. Identify four ethical violations in Dr. Pauling's study.
The definition of psychology changed as the field evolved during the early years. Why did John B. Watson object to the definition preferred by Wundt, Titchener, and James? What group of psychologists did Watson’s ideas inﬂuence? How did Watson redefine psychology?
Your memory of which of the following is an example of implicit memory? a. What you had for breakfast yesterday. b. The need to spend some time reviewing tomorrow for an upcoming psychology quiz. c. Which way to turn the car key to start the engine. d. That George Washington was the first President. e. How exciting it was to get the best birthday present ever.
What connection between personality and physical attractiveness did Feingold set out to study?