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APUSH- Time Period #2
Terms in this set (21)
a company whose stock is owned jointly by the shareholders, English merchants would invest in these companies with the hopes of profits. They would share the risks associated with the trading voyages
one of first two successful British colonies along Atlantic coast, a settlement in Virginia, suffered in beginning times due to lack of work ethic and disease but was saved by the production of tobacco, trouble with natives, Jamestown developed into Virginia once it became England's first royal colony
a grant of land was given to settlers to attract them and make up for the labor shortage
indentured servants and slaves rebelled against Virginia's governor which worried white settlers and led to a heavier reliance of African slaves versus indentured servants. Nathaniel Bacon led a militia to conduct a series of raids and massacres against American Indian Villages, burned Jamestown settlement
an agreement signed by the adult males that were on the Mayflower to set up a crude government that would submit to the will of the majority.
John Winthrop "City on a Hill"
Massachusetts Bay Colony, Governor Winthrop and the Puritan colonists wanted to build a holy society that would be a model for human kind, a beacon to humanity
Salem Witch Trials
a series of hearings and prosecutions of people accused of witchcraft in Salem, Massachusetts, 19 executed
a woman who spoke out against puritan orthodoxy, claimed that a holy life was not a sure sign of salvation and the truly saved did not need to bother to obey the law of either God or man, antinomianism
King Philip's War
also known as metacom's war, Indians, led by metacom, attacked 52 puritan towns, destroyed 12, and killed hundreds of colonists and indians, it slowed the westward march of English settlement in New England for decades, but caused a strong decrease in the New England indian population
Penn's Holy Experiment
William Penn was granted a large area of land in payment for a debt. The land was left to his son who hoped the colony could be a religious refuge for quakers and other persecuted people. he also wanted to explore liberal ideas in government.
parliamentary acts designed to eliminate competition for colonial trade from French, Dutch, and Spanish, led to smuggling in America, caused colonies to pay high prices for manufactured good from England and accept low prices for their crops
men and women who signed a contract that they would work for a certain period of time (usually 4 to 7 years) in exchange for passage, board, and lodging. Once they completed the years, they became free and could make a profit from their labor.
a series of rules outlined for/about slaves, for example: they were merely property, not people, they could not be taught how to read or write, could not assemble without a white person present, could not own firearms, etc
Cotton, Tobacco, Rice & Indigo, crops grown in large numbers (on plantations) for commercial value/profit
Manufactured goods, weapons, and liquor from Europe traveled to Africa in exchange for slaves. Slaves were brought to the Americas and sugar, rum, cotton, and tobacco were then shipped to Europe. The trip from Africa to the Americas is known as the Middle Passage
a slave uprising near Charleston, South Carolina, The slaves raided a firearms shop and rebelled against the white settlers, killing the owners of the shop, the rebellions marched along the Stono River while more slaves joined them. Eventually the white settlers put an end to the rebellion, killing most and later executing the rest.
a series of emotional, religious revivals throughout the colonies that emphasized a breaking away from the constraints of religion and emphasized a more personal relationship with God. It took away social statuses.
a trans-Atlantic intellectual movement where human reasoning was adequate to solve man's problems, lessened God's active role as a force in the universe. Deism was a key belief.
leader of the Great awakening, "Sinners in the hands of an angry God", wanted a personal relationship with God rather than having one through another person. part of the "New Lights"
leader of the Great awakening, had Open Air campground meetings to spread his message, part of the "New Lights"
The Zenger Trial
John Zenger posted an article that attacked and commented poorly on the governor in New York, he was thrown in jail and put on trial, he was declared not guilty and it led to newspapers feeling more like they had the ability to write more freely
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