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Arts and Humanities
Advanced Theory 1 (ch. 12,13,18,19,20,24)
Terms in this set (100)
when performing a test to determine whether metallic salts are present, the hair will ____ in the solution if metallic salts are present
when performing a permanent wave, you should:
immediately replace towels that have become wet with solution
when selecting eye, cheek, and lip colors, which tones are always the safest choice?
For the bonding method of attaching hair extensions, natural hair should be how long?
An acid-balanced wave has a pH of:
The stitch used in extensions where thread is wound twice around the needle is a(n)
Volatile organic compounds contain _____ and evaporate very easily.
which type of metal is not commonly used to form ionic compounds in metal hydroxide relaxers?
Protons are subatomic particles with which type of charge
what is the active ingredient in alkaline permanents
To avoid the transfer of foundation to a clients clothing you should always set foundation with
Rubbing alcohol and hair spray are examples of:
volatile alcohols - evaporate easily (ex: rubbing alcohol, hairspray)
Which method is recommended for drying a wig after cleaning?
After shampooing a wig, you should gently squeeze the wig and use a drying rack for drying
A water-in-oil emulsion:
Water droplets are emulsified in oil
When using eye shadow, a contour color may be used for any of these purposes EXCEPT to:
make the brow bone appear more prominent
Within the visible spectrum of light, the longest wavelength is:
In galvanic current, the electrode used on the area to be treated is the:
The active electrode
When you apply blush, you should:
sweep it just below the cheekbones
A noncomedogenic product is one that:
does not contain ingredients that would clog the follicles
How long is a typical soft bender rod?
If a client asks for a box braid, which type of braid is he or she referring to?
single braid / individual braid
A _________ is a flat leather pad with fine teeth used to sand which human hair extensions so a specific amount of hair can be extracted without loosening and disturbing the rest of the hair during the braiding process
UV lights cause chemical reactions to happen more quickly than visible light, and:
kills some germs
When the silicone polymers and formalin in keratin-based straightening treatments are heated to high temperatures, they release:
A reducing agent is a substance that adds _______ to a chemical compound or subtracts oxygen from the compound
Under processed hair is usually:
Straighter at the scalp and curlier at the ends
A __________ is the path of negative and positive electric currents moving from the generating source through the conductors and back to the generating source
complete electric circuit
Spray-on instant sanitizers are not recommended for brush cleaning because the _____ in them can dry out brushes over time.
Which type of wave is activated by an outside heat source, such as a conventional hood-type hair dryer
A _______ perm wrap is wrapped perpendicular to the length of the rod, in overlapping concentric layers
The ________ uses zig zag partings to divide base areas
The ______ is the metal part that holds a brush intact and supports the strength of bristles
It is NOT particularly important to pay attention to the _____ of the client's hair during a consultation for a braiding service.
A ______ is a color component within the skin such as blood or melanin.
When a substance undergoes a ______ change, a new substance with different properties is created.
Where should you place the comb to perform the coil comb technique?
base of the scalp
If a client has an oblong face, you should apply makeup to:
create the illusion of wider cheekbones (makeup can be applied along the hairline and under cheekbones)
A(n) _________ releases a significant amount of heat
Protruding or bulging eyes can be minimized by:
blending the deeper color shadow over the prominent part of the upper lid
When performing a perm, you should always:
smell the hair after the recommended time has elapsed
For a client with green eyes, which shadow color would be considered complementary?
Copper, rusts, pinks, plums, mauves and purples
Which Process infuses an alkaline product into the tissues from the negative poor toward the positive pole?
Traditionally, ______ have been regarded As the best for use on human hair wigs.
brushes made with natural boar bristles
A preliminary test curl will not answer
whether or not the client is allergic to any products being used
A(n) brush is a narrow, firm make up brush with a flat edge
a concealer brush
is this foundation color chosen is too light it will appear
dull and chalky
A chemical combination of matter in definite (fixed) proportions is called a(n)
The highest part of an eyebrow arch should be in line with
outer circle of the iris of the eye
An excellent manufactured synthetic fiber that is durable, soft, and less inclined to tangle than many other synthetics is:
for which condition might a physician prescribe Latisse?
poor lash growth
A(n) ___ is an Unstable physical mixture of undissolved particles in a liquid
The side bonds of the ___ Must be broken in order to change the natural wave pattern of the hair
which of the following is a colorless gas with a pungent odor composed of hydrogen and nitrogen?
When preparing a spiral rods set, the hair must be completely dry or else the style will
Powder mineral make up is usually applied with a:
hydroxide relaxers are
Very strong alkalis
(The hydroxide ion is the active ingredient in all hydroxide relaxers, which are very strong alkalis with a pH over 13.)
Which cosmetic is used for string make up application?
What is the main active ingredient in true acid and acid-balanced waving lotions?
glyceryl monothioglycolate (GMTG)
what kind of waves are sulfites used in?
The simplest form of chemical matter is a(n)
Blow drying textured hair
loosens and elongates the wave pattern
Which statement about surfactant molecules is correct
The head is hydrophilic (water attracting) and the tail is lipophilic (fat/oil attracting)
In an oxidation-reduction reaction,
oxidation and reduction occur simultaneously
Base placement is determined by the
angle at which the hair is wrapped
The reduction reaction in permanent waving is due to the:
addition of hydrogen
Attaching hair wefts or single strands of hair with an adhesive is called
All lasers work by selective _____, a process that turns the light from a laser device into heat.
Which method of wrapping provides the most control over the hair ends?
Double flat wrap
Which wrapping pattern uses pie-shaped base sections?
curvature permanent wrap
Hair shed from the head or gathered from a brush is called:
What is used to protect the skin and scalp during hair relaxing
What should you use to apply lip color to the clients lips
A _____ bond is NOT a type of side bond.
Which color primer should be used to reduce a sallow skin appearance?
What should you do if your vent brush is missing one of its protective tips
Discard the brush
The unit that measures the strength of the electric current is a(n)
which of the following is an oily substance used as moisturizer in skin and body creams?
Thio neutralization rebuilds disulfide bonds by:
removing hydrogen that was added by permanent waving solution
A(n) ___ is a device That changes direct current to alternating current
Asian hair is usually:
straight and available in lengths of 12 to 28 inches
The strength of any permanent wave is based on the
concentration of its reducing agent
Bonded wefts of hair are removed by:
dissolving the bond with oil
Which type of hair requires a highly alkaline chemical solution?
coarse, resistant hair
Which of the following is one of the goals for a client with a triangular face?
use make up to create width at the forehead, slenderize the jawline, and add length to the face
The most common type of perm rod is the
In LED therapy, _____ light reduces hyperpigmentation.
green LED light
A properly processed permanent wave should break and rebuild approximately __% of the hair's disulfide bonds
The strength of the permanent waving solution is determined primarily by the concentration of
Which of the following is NOT one of the measurements you should take when measuring a client head for a wig
nape to crown
which unit measures the pressure or force that pushes electric current forward through a conductor
A ___ Is a substance that allows oil and water to mix, or emulsify
Hair in which the root end of every single strand is sewn into the base is called
turned hair (aka remi hair)
A super-strength relaxer is recommended if the client has ___ hair.
extremely curly, very coarse and resistant hair
What should you use to separate hair into large sections?
What should you apply if you want to absorb excess oil and minimize the shine on oily skin?
A ___ is a conditioner with an acidic pH that conditions hair and restores the natural pH prior to shampooing
The third prong found on the plugs of some appliances is called the
The best way to gauge how realistic a wig looks is to use the ____ test.
A(n) ___ is a chemical combination of two or more atoms in definite (fixed) proportions
thinner brows require more ______
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