105 terms

BIO 217

STUDY
PLAY
All of the following are bacterial infections expect:
a. gonorrhea
b. chancroid
c. chlamydia
d. genital Warts
d. genital warts
T/F: Some sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV, can pass through latex condoms
False
T/F: Oral sex is one way of transmission for Sexually Transmitted Diseases, STD's
True
T/F: Having sex with someone - just only once is enough to expose you to a potential deadly STD like HIV.
True
T/F: Oral contraceptives (birth control pills) protects against STDs
False
T/F: Unprotected oral- genital stimulation is a source of transmission of STD's, if infected.
True
T/F: Anal sex is usually very safe and risk free way of having sex
False
____________________ is the most common bacterial STD in the United States
a. Trichomoniasis
b. Candidiasis
c. Chlamydia
d. Gonorrhea
c. Chlamydia
T/F: The majority of women who are infected with gonorrhea have noticeable symptoms.
False
Chlamydia infection, if left untreated, may result in the following except
a. condylomata acuminata
b. inflammation of the cervix
c. Pelvic inflammatory disease -PID
d. Urinary tract inflammation
a. condylomata acuminata
T/F: Both men and women can contract Non-gonococcal urethritis.
True
Which of the statements concerning chlamydia infection is false?
a. The majority of women with lower reproductive tract Chlamydia infection have few or no symptoms
b. Is associated with penile cancer in men - if left untreated
c. The infection is transmitted primarily through sexual contact
d. It is usually treated with antibiotics (such as tetracyclines, zitromax etc)
b. Is associated with penile cancer in men - if left untreated
T/F: If gonorrhea is left untreated in women, it may result in sterility, although that it is rarely the case for men.
a. True
b. False
True
14. ________________ causes ______________, the worlds leading cause of preventable blindness
a. Viral hepatitis; conjunctivitis
b. Chlamydia; trachoma
c. Syphilis; conjunctivitis
d. Trichomoniasis; trachoma
b. Chlamydia; trachoma
T/F: Douching and taking antibiotics are safe, and does not increase the likelihood of vaginal infections in women.
False
The dramatic increase of ectopic (abdominal or tubal) pregnancies in the U.S. of the past 20 years has been largely attributed to the increased incidence of
a. genital warts.
b. herpes.
c. trichomoniasis.
d. Chlamydia.
d. Chlamydia.
T/F: Some physicians recommend that the male partner of women diagnosed with recurrent bacterial vaginosis may also harbor the organisms and need to be treated for it.
True
The second stage of syphilis is characterized by
a. a painful blister like lesions on genitals
b. a skin rash
c. high fever, genital inflammation and night sweats
d. no observable symptom
b. a skin rash
T/F: A disease may be defined as any interference with the normal functioning of body organs or system.
True
T/F: Most diseases are recognized by their signs or symptoms. A symptom refers to any change in a body structure or function in an individual.
True
T/F: It is possible to get pubic lice by sleeping in the bed or wearing the clothes of a person who is infected with them.
True
T/F: Most diseases are recognized by their signs or symptoms. A sign are more or less observable and obvious feature of a disease for example a rash or a sore.
True
T/F: All STD's caused by bacteria, fungi and virus are curable if detected and treated early.
False
T/F: Bacterial infections are curable but viral infections are not.
True
T/F: The guide lines for reducing risk of STD infection: is only 100 % safety if you abstain from partner sex or if you are in a long term monogamous relation ship (and you both tested free from disease).
True
T/F: STD's are primarily spread thru sexual activity such as anal oral or oral genital and vaginal sex.
True
T/F: STD infections don't discriminate between social status, economic back ground.
True
T/F: STD infections is the only class of illnesses (type of diseases) we classify by its mode of transmission rather than type of source.
True
T/F: Chancroid or soft "Chancre" is caused by the bacterium Haemophilus Du Crey. It first signs are painful genital sores / ulcers in the groin area, with a foul smelling pus-like discharge from ulcers.
True
T/F: Most common vaginal infection- "bacterial vaginitis" is mostly common caused by Gardnerella vaginalis. Infections from this bacterium cause vaginal itching and a whitish fouls smelling fishy odor.
True
T/F: The syphilis bacterium Treponema pallidum belongs to "coccus" group of bacteria and has a typical spherical shape when view in the microscope.
False
T/F: Most pathogen agents are discarded with bodily fluids and wastes (Portal of Exit)
True
T/F: Direct transmission of disease agent - means that pathogens are transmitted from person to person through a close personal association.
True
T/F: Indirect transmission of disease pathogens means when infectious agents are carried from one individual to another on contaminated or non- living objects.
True
T/F: A vector is a term for a life-form transmitting disease.
True
T/F: Signs and symptoms of gonorrhea are most often painful and associated with a yellow discharge in men. Some 50-80 % of infected women have no or very mild symptoms.
True
T/F: Complication from gonorrhea cases that have been left untreated are often, sterility, liver disease, erection difficulties in men and PID in women. Newborn can be infected by passing thru an infected birth canal.
True
A mother infected from Syphilis can pass the spirochete Tremonema pallidum to her fetus through the placenta.
True
Of the STD's listed below, which one is the most prevalent
a. syphilis
b. chlamydia
c. HIV
d. gonorrhea
b. chlamydia
T/F: Syphilis is spread thru sexual contact and contact with sores and lesions
True
T/F: Syphilis early symptoms is a painless sore which looks like a pea sized pimple, blister or an open sore. The sore may be hard around the edge.
True
T/F: The second stage of syphilis infection develops right away into brain damage.
False
T/F: The Toxic shock syndrome has been linked to misuse of tampons and other material during the menstruations period
True
Which of the following best describes the progressions of syphilis over time if left untreated?
a. painless sore; skin rash; no symptoms; death or blind ness
b. painful blister; no symptoms; eye infection; sterility
c. vaginal or penile discharge; epididymitis or PID; penile or cervical cancer
d. painless sore; no symptoms; PID or epididymitis; sterility
a. painless sore; skin rash; no symptoms; death or blind ness
T/F: Early signs of Toxic shock syndrome is a rash, vomiting and high fever associated with headache and dizziness.
True
T/F: Scabies is caused by an itch mite
True
The most common symptoms of gonorrhea in men is / are
a. bad- smelling, cloudy penile discharge and burning sensations during urination
b. white, cheesy penile discharge and ticklish sensation during urination
c. inflammation of the penile glans and foreskin
d. thick, greenish penile discharge
a. bad- smelling, cloudy penile discharge and burning sensations during urination
A yeast infection is caused by.
a. a protozoan parasite called Trichomonas vaginalis
b. a bacterium known as Gardnerella vaginalis
c. a fungus called Candida albicans
d. a bacterial microorganism called Chlamydia trachomatis
c. a fungus called Candida albicans
49. Which of the following STD's can infect the throat and the anus as well as the genitals?
a. gonorrhea
b. syphilis
c. bacterial vaginosis
d. chlamydia infection
a. gonorrhea
T/F: Crabs or pubic lice are small insects that make burrows in the skin.
False
All of the following are viral infections except
a. Hepatitis A
b. genital warts
c. herpes
d. syphilis
d. syphilis
______ is usually manifested as cold sores on the mouth or lips, and ______ generally as lesions on and around the genital areas
a. HSV-1; HSV-2
b. HSV-2; HSV-1
c. HPV1; HPV-2
d. HPV-2; HPV1
a. HSV-1; HSV-2
When is a person who have herpes the least contagious?
a. when the person experiences prodromal symptoms
b. when the papules develop into blisters
c. after the blisters from a crust
d. during the asymptomatic period
d. during the asymptomatic period
Which of the following statements about herpes is false?
a. oral herpes may be transmitted by kissing
b. Herpes may be transmitted during the asymptomatic periods
c. Herpes will not pass through latex condoms
d. Herpes incidence is decreasing
d. Herpes incidence is decreasing
At what point is a woman able to resume intercourse after a herpes outbreak with significantly reduced likelihood of transmitting the virus to her partner?
a. when the blister begins to form a crust
b. when the sires on the external genitalia have completely healed
c. ten days after the sores on the genitals have completely healed
d. one month after the sores have completely healed
c. ten days after the sores on the genitals have completely healed
All of the following are mentioned as factors that may trigger a herpes out break except
a. a diet high in complex carbohydrates
b. emotional stress
c. menstruation
d. being overtired
a. a diet high in complex carbohydrates
Which of the following is a prodromal symptom of herpes?
a. the appearance of a papule (blister)
b. The ruptures of the blisters
c. an itching or burning sensation
d. a feeling of depression
c. an itching or burning sensation
Which of the following statements concerning the recurrence of genital herpes is true?
a. Everyone infected will experience a recurrence because the virus does not go away
b. The more extensive the primary attach, the lesser the chance of recurrence
c. Symptoms associated with recurrent attacks tend to become more severe over time
d. The majority of people prone to recurrent outbreaks experience prodromal symptoms
d. The majority of people prone to recurrent outbreaks experience prodromal symptoms
When advisable for all women, regular Pap smears would be most recommended for women with
a. chlamydia
b. genital herpes
c. viral hepatitis
d. Candidiasis
b. genital herpes
Which of the following is the most accurate statement regarding the treatment of herpes?
a. Adequate rest, relaxation and fluid intake can eliminate the virus over time
b. AZT is effective in the treatment for herpes
c. There is no cure for herpes at this time, although Zovirax is helpful in managing it.
d. There is no cure for herpes at this time although research with alpha interferon looks promising
c. There is no cure for herpes at this time, although Zovirax is helpful in managing it.
Genital warts
a. is associated with various cancers
b. are caused by a bacterial microorganisms
c. are usually treated with antibiotics
d. have decreased in recent years
a. is associated with various cancers
Which of the following statements regarding genital warts is true?
a. The incubation period is 7-10 days
b. Genital warts are unattractive and a nuisance but there is few serious complications associated with having them
c. the incidence of genital warts have reached epidemic proportions
d. in women genital warts appear on the external but not the internal genitals
c. the incidence of genital warts have reached epidemic proportions
Which of the following is most prevalent in the United states?
a. AIDS
b. gonorrhea
c. viral hepatitis
d. genital warts (HPV)
d. genital warts (HPV)
Which of the following statements regarding genital warts is false?
a. In women they most commonly appear on the external genitals
b. the average incubation period is 3 months (90 days)
c. There is a strong association between genital warts, cervical and penile cancer
d. Cryo therapy and topical applications are commonly used to treat them
a. In women they most commonly appear on the external genitals
Which of the following statements concerning viral hepatitis is true?
a. It is a disease in which bladder function is impaired by a viral infection
b. The three major types of viral hepatitis are commonly sexually transmitted infection of the newborn
c. Treatment consists of bed rest and adequate fluid intake
d. Hepatitis B is the most common type
c. Treatment consists of bed rest and adequate fluid intake
All the following are symptoms of viral hepatitis except
a. high fever
b. yellowing of the whites of the eyes
c. fatigue
d. burning with urination
d. burning with urination
The most common type of viral hepatitis is
a. hepatitis A
b. hepatitis B
c. hepatitis C
d. hepatitis D
a. hepatitis A
Selena has problems with chronic vaginitis. Which of the following might be a factor in this?
a. She takes multiple vitamins on a regular basis
b. She wears all cotton under wear
c. She is masturbation
d. She is on birth control pills
d. She is on birth control pills
Which are the symptoms of Candidiasis?
a. a think gray discharge with a flour paste consistency
b. a frothy, yellow or white discharge with bad odor
c. a white lumpy discharge that resembles cottage cheese
d. painful, blister-like bumps on the labia
c. a white lumpy discharge that resembles cottage cheese
Which of the following infections can be passed from a partner's mount to a woman's vagina during oral sex?
a. bacterial vaginosis
b. Candidiasis
c. trichomoniasis
d. chlamydia
b. Candidiasis
Which of the following statements concerning Trichomoniasis is true?
a. Both men and women may carry this infection, but men often have no symptoms.
b. The most common symptoms in women is a watery gray discharge that smells like burning rubber
c. The treatment consists of vaginal suppositories such as clotriminazole (monistat)
d. There are no long-term effects of Trichomonas infection
a. Both men and women may carry this infection, but men often have no symptoms.
Which of the following statements about pubic lice is false?
a. They maybe found in the armpits or scalp
b. They maybe found in the pubic hair.
c. They may be transmitted non-sexually
d. They are treated with tetracycline (an antibiotic)
d. They are treated with tetracycline (an antibiotic)
The primary symptom of pubic lice is
a. tiny red spots on the genitals
b. smooth rounded waxy-looking bumps on the genitals that are painless
c. itching in the pubic area
d. painful genital chancres
c. itching in the pubic area
Chris has the "clap" and Janelle has the "crabs". In clinical terminology, Chris has ________________ and Janelle has _________________.
a. chlamydia; syphilis
b. pubic lice; gonorrhea
c. herpes; chlamydia
d. gonorrhea; pubic lice
d. gonorrhea; pubic lice
All clothes and sheets used prior to treatment must be washed when infected with
a. pubic lice and chancroid
b. pubic lice and scabies
c. scabies and trichomoniasis
d. scabies and chancroid
b. pubic lice and scabies
Small pimple-like bumps, a rash surrounding the primary lesion, and intense itching are all symptoms of
a. pubic lice
b. scabies
c. chancroid
d. trichomoniasis
b. scabies
Which of the following statements regarding HIV is false?
a. HIV has been found in the vaginal secretions, blood, semen, saliva, urine, and breast milk of infected individuals.
b. Reported cases of heterosexually transmitted HIV have been increasing in recent years.
c. The incidence of AIDS is increasing more rapidly among men than women in the United States
d. Symptoms of HIV infection are commonly associated with other types of illnesses
c. The incidence of AIDS is increasing more rapidly among men than women in the United States
Current genetic analysis (data from 1999) suggest that the HIV virus has its roots in the Simian Immunodeficiency virus (SIV) found in a subspecies of Chimpanzee.

a. Africa
b. Haiti
c. southern Europe
d. Asia
a. Africa
Currently, HIV infection is diagnosed as AIDS when
a. a person tests positive to HIV antibodies
b. the immune system becomes so impaired that the person develops a severe, life-threatening disease
c. a person has CD 4 count of 200 cells per cubic millimeter of blood or less
d. a person has a CD 4 count of 800 cells per cubic millimeter of blood or less
c. a person has CD 4 count of 200 cells per cubic millimeter of blood or less
Over the past decade, the overall incidence of AIDS has _______ among men and ______
among women
a. increased; increased
b. decreased; decreased
c. increased; decreased
d. decreased; increased
d. decreased; increased
All of the following are symptoms of HIV infection except
a. night sweats
b. high blood pressure
c. skin rash
d. severe headaches
b. high blood pressure
Most people develop antibodies to HIV ______ after the initial infection
a. two weeks
b. one month
c. within a few months
d. one year
c. within a few months
The most common cancer affecting people with AIDS is
a. Kaposi's sarcoma
b. lymphomas
c. lung cancer
d. colon cancer
a. Kaposi's sarcoma
The average time between HIV infection and the onset of a disease associated with impairment of the immune system is between
a. six months and one year
b. one and five years
c. eight and eleven years
d. twelve and fifteen years
c. eight and eleven years
With respect to AIDS in the U'S.
a. the majority of those who have developed AIDS have already died
b. deaths due to AIDS have steadily increased
c. deaths due to AIDS have precipitously dropped each year since 1996 with the new drug therapies
d. the most common cause of death is encephalitis
a. the majority of those who have developed AIDS have already died
Suggestions for avoiding HIV infection include all but which one of the following
a. Avoid anal intercourse
b. Avoiding sexual intercourse during menstruation
c. use oral-genital contact instead of penile- vaginal
d. Avoid sexual contact with either male or female prostitutes
c. use oral-genital contact instead of penile- vaginal
Which one is true concerning an HIV vaccine?
a. A prophylactic vaccine may never be developed
b. A prophylactic vaccine is likely to developed but seems a decade or so away
c. Vaccines have yet to be tested although they are still being developed
d. it appears that it would be most cost effective to depend on drug therapies rather than vaccines
a. A prophylactic vaccine may never be developed
Condoms help protect the transmission of all but which one of the following
a. Candidiasis
b. chlamydia
c. scabies
d. syphilis
c. scabies
The herpes simplex virus may be spread
a. when lesions are present
b. during the incubation period
c. if the antiviral medication is stopped
d. even if no symptoms are present
d. even if no symptoms are present
Which of the following is true regarding oral herpes?
a. Oral herpes may spread to the genitals through oral sex
b. It is caused by HSV-2
c. It is caused by HSV-8
d. Unlike genital herpes, recurrence is not likely
a. Oral herpes may spread to the genitals through oral sex
The preferred medication for managing herpes is
a. acyclovir (Zovirax)
b. metronidazol (flagyl)
c. aspirin
d. doxycycline
a. acyclovir (Zovirax)
A serious complication of genital warts (HPV) is
a. cervical erosion
b. prostatitis
c. nephritis
d. cancer
d. cancer
Which of the following is true regarding genital warts (HPV)?
a. in moist areas, warts have a hard, yellow-gray appearance
b. No known treatment exist that will completely eradicate HPV
c. If no warts are visible, the individual is considered cured?
d. In dry areas, the warts have cauliflower-like appearance
b. No known treatment exist that will completely eradicate HPV
Pubic lice may be transmitted through
a. urine
b. blood
c. eggs deposited on clothing or bed sheets
d. poor genital hygiene
c. eggs deposited on clothing or bed sheets
HIV has been found in all of the following except
a. blood
b. semen
c. skin
d. saliva
c. skin
Even with condom use, a man may contract herpes from a female partner because vaginal secretions containing the virus may wash over his scrotal area
a. True
b. False
a. True
The prodromal phase is the point at which herpes blisters rupture to form wet, painful sores
a. True
b. False
b. False
The incidence of genital and anal warts has reached epidemic proportions and this virus can be associated with serious complications
a. True
b. False
a. True
The most common treatment for viral hepatitis is antibiotic therapy
a. True
b. False
b. False
Douching and taking antibiotics may increase the likelihood of vaginal infections in some women.
a. True
b. False
a. True
men are at higher risk than women are for becoming HIV infected through penile - vaginal intercourse
a. True
b. False
b. False
In most, but not all cases, an individual will develop antibodies to HIV within several months of being infected
a. True
b. False
a. True
Which of the following is characteristic of the initial phase of syphilis?
a. penile discharge in men, no symptoms in women
b. a skin rash all over the body
c. a chancre sore at the site where the organism enters the body
d. a painful blister-like lesion on the genitals
c. a chancre sore at the site where the organism enters the body
Chancroid is
a. a bacterial infection
b. a viral infection
c. a fungus
d. a parasitic insect (lice)
a. a bacterial infection
Pathogens enter the body through specific passageways knows as "Port of Entry"
a. True
b. False
a. True
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