Knowledge originates in experience and science should rely on observation and experimentation.
School of psychology that used introspection to explore structural elements of the human mind.
School of psychology focusing on how our mental and behavioral processes function, allowing humans to survive and flourish.
Psychology should be objective in regards to studying behavior with out a connection to the mental processes.
Emphasizes the growth potential of healthy people and the individual's potential for personal growth.
Controversy over the contributions that genes and experience make to the development of psychological traits and behaviors.
Traits most likely to contribute to reproduction and survival will most likely be passed down from generation to generation.
Levels of Analysis
Differing complementary views, from biological to psychological to social-cultural, for analyzing any given phenomenon.
Incorporates biological, psychological, and social-cultural levels of analysis.
Studies how the unconscious drives and conflicts influence behavior, and uses that information to treat psychological disorders.
The study of the roots of behavior and mental processes using the principles of natural selection.
The scientific study of observable behavior, and its explanation by principles of learning.
The scientific study of all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating.
The study of how situations and cultures affect our behavior and thinking.
The scientific study of physical, cognitive, and social change throughout the life span.
The study of how psychological processes affect and can enhance teaching and learning.
The study of an individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting.
Industrial-Organizational (I/O) psychology
The application of psychological concepts and methods to optimizing human behavior in workplaces.
Human factors psychology
The study of how people and machines interact and the design of safe and easily used machines and environments.
A branch of psychology that assists people with problems in living (often related to school, work, or marriage) and in achieving greater well-being.
A branch of psychology that studies, assesses, and treats people with psychological disorders.