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Chapters 1 and 9- Pop Health
Terms in this set (39)
a mass or grouping of distinct individuals who are considered as a whole and who are loosely associated with one another
collection of people who share some important feature of their lives
the identification of needs, along with the protection and improvement of collective health, within a geographically defined area.
community health nursing
-describe where the nurse practices.
-the term used for community health nurse and public health nurse is C/PHN.
-primary charge to prevent health problems from occurring and to promote a higher level of health.
A community that is defined by its geographic boundaries
a holistic state of well-being, which includes soundness of mind, body, and spirit.
involves a range of degrees from optimal health at one end to total disability or death at the other
all efforts that seek to move people closer to optimal well-being or higher levels of wellness.
a state of being relatively unhealthy
all of the people occupying an area or to all of those who share one or more characteristics
concerned for the health status of population groups and their environment and prevention of disease
precludes the occurrence of a health problem; it includes measures taken to keep illness or injuries from occurring
efforts to detect and treat existing health problems at the earliest possible stage, when intervention is most likely to be effective in controlling or eradicating it
attempts to reduce the extent and severity of a health problem to its lowest possible level, so as to minimize disability and restore or preserve function.
a broader concept and often goes beyond community boundaries, dealing with populations around the world
public health nursing
combines nursing science with public health science to formulate a community-based and population-focused practice
incorporates the capacity to develop a person's potential to lead a fulfilling and productive life—one that can be measured in terms of quality of life.
the process where toxins accumulate in greater concentration in an organism than the rate of elimination
the body's burden of toxic chemicals or, more precisely, the "standard for assessing people's exposure to chemicals that may be toxic, and for responding to serious environmental public health problems"
properties where pollutants, contaminants, or hazardous substances may be present), toxic waste sites, highways, and contaminated waterways
all aspects of our environment that are not naturally occurring and includes not only the physical structures (e.g., homes, schools, workplaces, dams, roadways, buildings, energy sources) but also the features that contribute to social cohesiveness or disruption
"refers to significant changes in global temperature, precipitation, wind patterns and other measures of climate that occur over several decades or longer"
dynamic communities of plants, animals, microorganisms, and the nonliving environments in which they live. No organism, including humans, can live removed from its ecosystem or other species
mimic or block natural hormones in the human body and are linked to changes in genes inherited by offspring
a particular branch of epidemiology that focuses on environmental exposures and the risks that contribute to adverse health effects such as cancer, developmental disabilities, neurological problems, reproductive health issues, or death
the fair treatment and meaningful involvement of all people regardless of race, color, national origin, or income with respect to the development, implementation, and enforcement of environmental laws, regulations, and policies
field of study that examines the gene-environment interaction to study the processes in which genes are expressed differently as a result of environmental influences
the routes by which a chemical enters the body, can affect toxicity, absorption, and metabolism
health risk assessment
a systematic evaluation of risk of a specific exposure.
integrated pest management
programs for pest prevention without increasing exposure to harmful toxins
an ecological approach to monitor and control diseases spread through the environment, animals, and humans
an ecological perspective to attain health, well-being, and equity through stewardship of the political, economic, and social systems as well as natural ecosystems
When an activity raises threats of harm to human health or the environment, precautionary measures should be taken if some cause and effect relationships are not fully established scientifically
if there is a health risk, identifying how it can be managed and reduced
social determinants of health
the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work, and age. These circumstances are shaped by the distribution of money, power, and resources at global, national, and local levels
funding made possible by the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 to address those contaminated areas of the United States that needed to be remediated; the EPA administers the funding
the principle that human beings and the natural environment must coexist harmoniously for survival
sustainable development goals
identify the need to care for the natural and built environments that support the health of our planet and its inhabitants
the study of the adverse effects of chemical, physical, or biological agents on living organisms and the ecosystem, including the prevention and amelioration of such adverse effects
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