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Exam 1 Gaynatomy (images)
Terms in this set (17)
stratified squamous epithelium
Function: protects underlying tissues in areas subject to abrasion
Location: lining of the esophagus, mouth, and vagina, epidermis of the skin, a dry membrane.
stratified transitional epithelium
Multiple layers of cells which appear cuboidal when not stretched, but squamous when stretched; found in the urinary organs/bladder
simple squamous epithelium
Function: Allows passage of materials by diffusion and filtration in sites where protection is not important; secretes lubricating substances in serosae.
Location: Kidney glomeruli, air sacs of lungs, lining of heart, blood vessels, and lymphatic vessels; lining of ventral body cavity(serosae)
simple cuboidal epithelium
Function: secretion and absorption
Location: Kidney tubules; ducts and secretory portions of small glands, ovary surface.
simple columnar epithelium
Function: Absorption; secretion of mucus, enzymes, and other substances; ciliated type propels mucus (or reproductive cells) by ciliated action.
Location: nonciliated type lines most of the digestive tract (stomach to anal canal), gallbladder and excretory ducts of some glands; ciliated variety lines small bronchi, uterine tubes, and some regions of the uterus.
simple pseudostratified columnar epithelium
Single layer of columnar cells reaching different heights (gives false appearance of stratification), may be ciliated; found in nasal cavities, trachea, upper digestive tract and some parts of male reproductive system; function: protection; secretes mucus and moves it across the surface
proper dense regular connective tissue
parallel collagen fibers; a few elastic fibers; major cell type is the fibroblast
proper dense irregular connective tissue
irregularly arranged collagen fibers; some elastic fibers; fibroblast is the major cell type
proper dense elastic connective tissue
dense regular connective tissue containing a high proportion of elastic fibers
proper loose areolar connective tissue
gel-like matrix with all three fiber types; cells: fibroblasts, macrophages, mast cells, and some white blood cells
proper loose adipose connective tissue
structural unit of compact bone
contains blood vessels and nerves in bone
small cavities in bone that contain osteocytes
weight-bearing, column-like matrix tubes composed mainly of collagen
Hairlike canals that connect lacunae to each other and the central canal
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