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12 terms

ID 3- Emerging Diseases

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What are the 3 forms of anthrax?
cutaneous form- painless, eschar, vesicle, ulcer, fever, LDA
GI and Oropharynx
Pulm (Woolsorter's)
How do we diagnose anthrax?
Skin- culture, PCR
GI- gram stain, ascites, stool
Inhalation- MEDIASTINAL WIDENING, thoracentesis,
How do we treat anthrax?
Cipro of Doxy
What are the s/s of botulism?
decending symmetric flaccid paralysis, muscle weakness
3 types:
Infant botulism- from honey
Foodborne botulism- from toxins in canned foods
Wound botulism- wound from IVDU, C-section, soil exposure
What's the treatment for botulism?
Pen G + supportive
What are the s/s of smallpox?
flu-life with lesions that are all same stage and leave SCARS
Major and minor
Fulminating disease causes hemorrhage, HF, pulm edema, TTP, death
What's the treatment for smallpox?
Vaccine
Cidovir
What is the treatment for viral hemorrhagic fever?
no treatment
how is brucellosis transmited?
aerosol
what's the m/c organism in brucellosis?
B. melitensis
what are the manifestations of brucellosis?
fever, malasie, sweats, myalgias, arthralgias, endocarditics
what is the most reliable method of dx for brucellosis?
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