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Circulatory System -- Common Ailments

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heart attack
also called myocardial infarction, it involves the death of a heart muscle.
coronary arteries
a blockage in these will result in heart attack
chest pain
also called angina pectoris, one of the symptoms of heart attack
cholesterol
fatty element that clogs the coronary or heart arteries
hypertension
also called high blood pressure, this occurs when excessive or too much force is exerted against the artery walls as the heart pumps blood.
obesity
very fat; may cause hypertension
sphygmomanometer
instrument used to measure systolic and diastolic blood pressure
low blood pressure
also called hypotension, a disease that is caused by poor diet or by some chronic disease.
anemia
most common blood disorder that is marked by abnormalities in the number or function of red blood cells
iron-deficiency anemia
most prevalent type of anemia where there is lack of iron to make hemoglobin
leukemia
a type of cancer which affects the blood or bone marrow. there is abnormal production of white blood cells which crowds our red blood cells and platelets.
atherosclerosis
condition where fatty deposits develop in the artery walls which cause these to harden.
stress
a kind of feeling that causes a person a person to be anxious and worried
caffeine
a kind of food that can raise your blood pressure