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14 terms

The Practice of Science

STUDY
PLAY
hypothesis
statement of what you think will happen in an investigation.
observation
something you find out about objects, events, or living things by using your senses.
control group
a standard against which change is measured.
data
information from which a conclusion can be drawn or a prediction can be made.
evidence
observations that scientists base their claims or explanations on.
experiment
the use of scientific methods to test a variable
classify
to arrange in a specific order or group by categories based on similarities.
conclusion
a statement that tells what an investigation showed, based on evidence such as observations and data
inference
an explanation based on evidence that is not directly observed.
investigation
an organized scientific study that may include making observations, asking questions, gathering information, analyzing data, summarizing results, drawing conclusions, and /or communicating results.
testable
a term used to describe a question that can be answered through an experiment or observation.
trials
multiple sets of measurements or observations in a scientific investigation.
valid
a term used to describe the certainty of data or results of an investigation or experiment.
variable
an event, condition, or factor that can be changed or controlled in order to study or test a hypothesis in a scientific experiment.