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APUSH Chapter 2 Vocab

The Pueblo Revolt
Pueblo Indians rose up against Spanish missionaries and settlers; established a short-lived confederacy
The Headright System
employed in Virginia; each head of household would receive 50 acres of land for himself and 50 acres more for each immediate family memeber and servant he brought to the colony
House of Burgesses
assembly of Virginia; first representative assembly in North America; comprised of the great landholders of the colony
Royal Colony
a colony directly ruled by the crown; king appoints governors and approves laws made by in the colonies
Lord Baltimore
George Calvert; founded Maryland to give persecuted English and Irish Catholics a new start
Indentured Servitude
migrants signed contracts that bonded them to labor for a master for a set term (usually 4-7 years) in exchange for payment of the voyage to America and "freedom dues" upon release
White Gold
Chattel Slaves
human property; status that denied slaves in the Chesapeake most civic and legal privileges
subgroup of Puritans; migrated to North America to form a religious community
Mayflower Compact
agreement signed in 1620 that united the Separatists and "strangers" into a "civil body politic"
City Upon a Hill
a model for future generations; John Winthrop claimed that Massachusetts should be this
asserting that inner grace was sufficient to achieve salvation and that church rules and ministers were unnecessary for that goal
Halfway Covenant
Puritan rule adopted in 1662 that said all baptized parents could present their child for baptism, even if the parents themselves claimed no conversion experience; granted a "halfway" membership and greatly boosted church membership
Bacon's Rebellion
Nathaniel Bacon and frontiersmen march against James Town, threatened to burn it and encouraged slaves to leave their masters; done in retaliation for the Burgesses not allowing militias to drive Native Americans away