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The Pueblo Revolt
Pueblo Indians rose up against Spanish missionaries and settlers; established a short-lived confederacy
The Headright System
employed in Virginia; each head of household would receive 50 acres of land for himself and 50 acres more for each immediate family memeber and servant he brought to the colony
House of Burgesses
assembly of Virginia; first representative assembly in North America; comprised of the great landholders of the colony
a colony directly ruled by the crown; king appoints governors and approves laws made by in the colonies
George Calvert; founded Maryland to give persecuted English and Irish Catholics a new start
migrants signed contracts that bonded them to labor for a master for a set term (usually 4-7 years) in exchange for payment of the voyage to America and "freedom dues" upon release
human property; status that denied slaves in the Chesapeake most civic and legal privileges
agreement signed in 1620 that united the Separatists and "strangers" into a "civil body politic"
City Upon a Hill
a model for future generations; John Winthrop claimed that Massachusetts should be this
asserting that inner grace was sufficient to achieve salvation and that church rules and ministers were unnecessary for that goal
Puritan rule adopted in 1662 that said all baptized parents could present their child for baptism, even if the parents themselves claimed no conversion experience; granted a "halfway" membership and greatly boosted church membership
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