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The Pueblo Revolt

Pueblo Indians rose up against Spanish missionaries and settlers; established a short-lived confederacy

The Headright System

employed in Virginia; each head of household would receive 50 acres of land for himself and 50 acres more for each immediate family memeber and servant he brought to the colony

House of Burgesses

assembly of Virginia; first representative assembly in North America; comprised of the great landholders of the colony

Royal Colony

a colony directly ruled by the crown; king appoints governors and approves laws made by in the colonies

Lord Baltimore

George Calvert; founded Maryland to give persecuted English and Irish Catholics a new start

Indentured Servitude

migrants signed contracts that bonded them to labor for a master for a set term (usually 4-7 years) in exchange for payment of the voyage to America and "freedom dues" upon release

White Gold


Chattel Slaves

human property; status that denied slaves in the Chesapeake most civic and legal privileges


subgroup of Puritans; migrated to North America to form a religious community

Mayflower Compact

agreement signed in 1620 that united the Separatists and "strangers" into a "civil body politic"

City Upon a Hill

a model for future generations; John Winthrop claimed that Massachusetts should be this


asserting that inner grace was sufficient to achieve salvation and that church rules and ministers were unnecessary for that goal

Halfway Covenant

Puritan rule adopted in 1662 that said all baptized parents could present their child for baptism, even if the parents themselves claimed no conversion experience; granted a "halfway" membership and greatly boosted church membership

Bacon's Rebellion

Nathaniel Bacon and frontiersmen march against James Town, threatened to burn it and encouraged slaves to leave their masters; done in retaliation for the Burgesses not allowing militias to drive Native Americans away

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