# EMT Ch 8 Test

When you place your finger in an infant's palm, she grasps it with her fingers. This is an example of which reflex?

A) Sucking

B) Palmar

C) Rooting

D) Moro
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Terms in this set (26)
Explanation: A) INCORRECT. The sucking reflex causes an infant to begin sucking when his lips are touched.

B) CORRECT. The palmar reflex in an infant causes her to grasp an object placed into her palm.

C) INCORRECT. When an infant turns his head to the side when a cheek is touched, it is known as the rooting reflex.

D) INCORRECT. Moro reflex causes an infant, when startled, to throw her arms out, spread her fingers, and grab with her fingers and arms.

Page Ref: 177
Explanation: A) INCORRECT. The term scaffolding is used to describe the process of building additional knowledge onto what one already knows.

B) CORRECT. Bonding is the sense that all of the infant's needs will be met, such as receiving food when hungry and comfort when upset.

C) INCORRECT. With regard to infant development, trust refers to having a stable and predictable environment.

D) INCORRECT. The Moro reflex occurs when an infant is surprised or frightened.

Page Ref: 178
Explanation: A) INCORRECT. The rooting reflex causes the infant to turn his head when his cheek is touched.

B) INCORRECT. There is no defined reaction called the startle reflex.

C) CORRECT. The Moro reflex causes a startled infant to throw his arms out, spread his fingers, and grab with his arms and fingers.

D) INCORRECT. There is no such reaction called the scaffolding reflex.

Page Ref: 177
A 26-month-old toddler is reported to have fallen and lacerated his chin. His mother did not witness the fall. As you proceed through your assessment, your partner reports that she's concerned about his heart rate, which she measures as 64. She's checked it twice. Your knowledge of normal vital signs for a patient this age suggests that his pulse rate is:

A) too slow.

B) too fast.

C) within normal range.

D) not reliable.
Explanation: A) CORRECT. A toddler (12 to 36 months) normally has a heart rate in the range of 80 to 130 per minute. Anything below 80 should be a concern and prompt further investigation of the patient's condition.

B) INCORRECT. A heart rate of 64 is not too fast for a toddler.

C) INCORRECT. For a healthy toddler, a pulse rate of 64 would not fall into the normal range.

D) INCORRECT. When taken appropriately, the pulse of a toddler should be considered reliable enough to investigate his condition further if the rate is not within normal range.

Page Ref: 179
Explanation: A) INCORRECT. Children are usually toilet-trained before the beginning of the preschool stage.

B) INCORRECT. Infants are not capable of being toilet-trained.

C) CORRECT. The toddler stage is when toilet-training generally begins.

D) INCORRECT. Children are usually toilet-trained long before school age.

Page Ref: 179
Which of the following would be a normal set of vitals for a 4-year-old male patient?

A) Heart rate 140/minute, respiratory rate 30/minute, and systolic blood pressure of 60 mmHg

B) Heart rate 100/minute, respiratory rate 34/minute, and systolic blood pressure of 100 mmHg

C) Heart rate 60/minute, respiratory rate 24/minute, and systolic blood pressure of 90 mmHg

D) Heart rate 110/minute, respiratory rate 24/minute, and systolic blood pressure of 80 mmHg
Explanation: A) INCORRECT. The heart rate is too fast and systolic pressure is too low for a normal 4-year-old.

B) INCORRECT. The respiratory rate is too rapid for a normal toddler.

C) INCORRECT. The heart rate is too slow for a normal, healthy 4-year-old.

D) CORRECT. Normal vital signs for a toddler would be a heart rate between 80 and 130, a respiratory rate between 20 and 30 per minute, and a systolic pressure between 70 and 100 mmHg.

Page Ref: 179
Explanation: A) INCORRECT. The term transitional is not used to describe the movement between childhood and adulthood.

B) INCORRECT. The transition from childhood to adulthood is not called young adult.

C) CORRECT. The transition from childhood to adulthood is known as adolescence.

D) INCORRECT. Early adulthood does not describe the transition between childhood and adulthood.

Page Ref: 181
Explanation: A) INCORRECT. When an individual is in preschool they are still growing and not in peak physical condition.

B) INCORRECT. An adolescence undergoes a rapid growth spurt, but they are not in peak physical condition yet.

C) CORRECT. During early adulthood an individual is in peak physical condition, specifically between nineteen and twenty-six years of age.

D) INCORRECT. By middle adulthood the body has begun to slow down and is no longer in peak physical condition.

Page Ref: 181