Nineteenth-century historian who formulated the concept that the Renaissance was a "rebirth" or "resurgence" of classical humanism.
humanism with the added belief that one must be an active and contributing member to one's society
"new rich" (fat people) merchant class, capitalists and bankers, challenged the old rich for political power in Florance
in 1387 the popolo minuto (poor) rebelled in Florence. They ruled for next 4 years until Cosimo de' Medici
a renaissance intellectual movement in which thinkers studied classical texts and focused on human potential and achievements
humanists advocated the it, a liberal art's program of study that embraced grammar, rhetoric, poetry, history, politics, and moral philosophy.
Christine de pisan
considered to be the first feminist, wrote The Treasure of the City of Ladies also humanist
Philosophy of Plato that posits preexistent Ideal Forms of which all earthly things are imperfect models
(1406-1457) On Pleasure, and On the False Donation of Constantine, which challenged the authority of the papacy. Father of modern historical criticism.
Characteristics of renaissance art
depth; linear; atmospheric; not necessarily religious, earthly themes and humans; geometrically precise and mathematically accurate; more emotion; contraposto posture, in which the subject is shifting his or her balance.
(1483-1520) Italian Renaissance painter; he painted frescos, his most famous being The School of Athens.
This was an artist who led the way for Renaissance masters from his David sculpture and his painting of the Sistine Chapel ceiling
(1469-1527) Wrote The Prince which contained a secular method of ruling a country. "End justifies the means."
A mechanical device for transferring text or graphics from a woodblock or type to paper using ink. Presses using movable type first appeared in Europe in about 1450.
Dutch humanist and theologian who was the leading Renaissance scholar of northern Europe although his criticisms of the Church led to the Reformation. he wrote The Praise of Folly, and translated the New Testament from Greek to Latin(1466-1536)
He was a English humanist that contributed to the world today by revealing the complexities of man. He wrote Utopia, a book that represented a revolutionary view of society. (p.437)
Prince Henry the navigator
This was the Portuguese Prince that gave steadfast financial and moral support to the navigators
he was an early Portuguese explorer who traveled down the coast of Africa in search of a water route to Asia. He managed to round the southern tip of Africa in 1488, now the Cape of Good Hope.
Vasco da Gama
Portuguese explorer. In 1497-1498 he led the first naval expedition from Europe to sail to India, opening an important commercial sea route.
Italian navigator who discovered the New World in the service of Spain while looking for a route to China (1451-1506)
Spanish explorer and conquistador who led the conquest of Aztec Mexico in 1519-1521 for Spain.
Bartolome de las casa
First bishop in southern Mexico. Devoted himself to the conversion of the native peoples to Christianity, and protecting them from exploitation.
spanish soldiers and explorers who led military expeditions in the Americas and captured land for Spain
one-fifth: amount the Spanish crown was to receive of all precious metals mined in the Americas
a system in which spanish monarchs gave land to colonist. These landowners were granted the right to force Indians living there to work the land
required adult male Indians to work a certain number of days to further Spanish economic enterprise in the New World, succeded ecomienda
condition of sharecroppers who could not pay off their debts and therefore could not leave the property they worked