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Unit One U.S. History Review
Collection from the guided notes and from the textbook
Terms in this set (54)
What did the transatlantic trade do for North American colonists in the 1760s?
Created high standards of living for them
What were the two main raw materials that American colonies shipped to Britain in the 1700s?
Lumber and Tobacco
What is commodity money?
money that takes the form of a commodity with intrinsic value
How did commodity money work in the 1700s?
Carrying around currency (like tobacco used in Virginia as a form of money) was unreliable and difficult to transport, they created a system using "bills of credit". Essentially paper money as a middle ground for depositing and withdrawing currency.
What were the problems with paper money?
One form of currency that is used in a colony could be completely worthless in another colony; essentially there was no unified form of currency. Paper money lost its value easily, where it was counterfeited often. British merchants were also reluctant to accepting the paper money in the first place.
What was the Currency Act of 1751 and 1763?
The act of 1751 prohibited basically any creation and use of paper money in New England colonies; the 1763 Act just extended it to all colonies in America.
What products did the American colonies provide British Caribbean colonies?
Wood and livestock
What were the two main products of British Caribbean colonies?
sugar and mahogany (a more luxury wood)
When the Navigation Acts were enforced, how did colonists work around it?
Hired pirates/smugglers/foreign merchants would help smuggle goods; bribing customs officials to transport them. Any time they were caught colonists would acquit, or clear them, of trial. The Navigation Acts were a huge flop and costed Britain more to enforce than the revenue it brought in.
What were the largest cities in the colonies in 1775?
New York, Philadelphia, Boston, Newport, Charlestown
What is primogeniture?
A system in which estates owned by families would remain intact to the family name and it would descend down the line to the oldest son.
What is entail?
A legal procedure/document preventing the break or sale of the estate.
What is the task system and how does it differ from the other forms of slave labor?
Rather than working for time, slaves would be assigned a certain amount of tasks needed to be complete for the day. Most of these systems were from estates where the owner did not live on the property, therefore the slaves had much more freedom after completing the tasks.
What was the Stono Rebellion of 1739?
A group of slaves rebelled and protested; burning down plantations and killing white settlers. Their goal was to make it to Spanish-Florida where they allowed slaves owned by whites to be free. Unfortunately they were caught and most were execute; but it showed that they were going to put up a fight.
What religion was the first to be against slavery?
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