CODES AND STANDARDS
Terms in this set (14)
List the five types of standards. (CDPTT)
1) Dimensional standards
2) Performance or quality standards
3) Test standards
4) Standard technical terms and symbols
5) Standard "codes" of practice
What's the difference between a "code" and a "standard"? What is the definition of each?
Standards are suggested practice. Codes are legal requirements
What are the five purposes of standards?
1) To establish a common dimension base,
2) To set out current engineering practice in common design situations,
3) To increase the effectiveness of the designer,
4) To reduce the cost of manufacture, and
5) To increase consumer safety.
What are the following agencies/organizations and what are their main functions related to standards?
The American National Standards Institute, ANSI, is the coordinator (but does not develop standards itself) of the US national standards systems
In the US the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) publishes over 4000 individual standards covering the properties of materials, specifying equipment to test the properties and outlining the procedures for testing.
The standards of the Underwriters Laboratory (UL) are intended to prevent loss of life and property from fire, crime, and casualty
The ASME was founded, in part, to address the issue of industrial standards. The early work, beginning in 1880, led to standards for shop drawing symbols, pulleys, line shafting, machine screws, key seats, pipe threads, etc.
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), is a measurement standards laboratory.
The International Organization for Standardization is an international-standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations
What is ISO 9000 and what makes it different from other standards?
The ISO 9000 family of standards relate to quality management systems and are designed to help organizations ensure they meet the needs of customers and other stakeholders
What is ISO 14000?
The ISO 14000 environmental management standards exist to help organizations (a) minimize how their operations (processes, etc.) negatively affect the environment
What is ISO 26000?
Guidance for Social Responsibility, The objective of social responsibility is to contribute to sustainable development, development in which attention is given to planet (ecosystems), people, and profit.
Briefly explain the "hydrolevel" case and its significance to ASME.
ASME created a standard which effectively made the product of hydrolevel unsatisfactory with respect to this standard. Hydrolevel retaliated and almost bankrupted ASME in a lawsuit.
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