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15 terms

LAP 100 Set 1

American Legal System/Civil Procedure
STUDY
PLAY
Civil law
The body of non-criminal law governing the actions and duties of individuals toward each other
Civil procedure
The system of laws and rules governing the manner in which civil lawsuits are filed and tried in court
Conflicts of law
As between state and federal laws, the question of which substantive law to apply in a given case
Criminal law
All laws enacted by the legislature to maintain order and safety in the society
Damages
Monetary compensation for injury caused by another
Defendant
The person defending a lawsuit
Federal courts
Those courts with primary jurisdiction in cases involving federal law
Injunction
A court order to a party to act, or cease acting, in a particular way
Jurisdiction
The authority of a court to hear a given case
Party
A person involved in a lawsuit
Plaintiff
The person bringing a lawsuit
Police power
The authority of the government to enforce the criminal law
Procedural law
The system of establishing and enforcing rights and of obtaining redress for the invasion of rights
Substantive law
The body of law that guides the conduct of citizens and provides redress for wrongs done
Tort
A civil wrong not arising from breach of contract