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Popular Biblical Allusions
The popular biblical allusions needed for Mrs. Parmenter's AP English III class
Terms in this set (57)
The Creation Story, Genesis 1:1-2:3
God created the world in seven days. Day 1- light, Day 2- sky, Day 3- land and seas, Day 4- sun, moon, stars, Day 5- creatures of sea and sky, Day 6- animals, Adam, Eve, Day 7- rest
The Garden of Eden, Genesis 1-3
Where Adam and Eve lived in peace with all the animals. They could eat from any tree except the Tree of Knowledge, but were tempted by a serpent (original sin). They saw they were naked and God banished them from the Garden of Eden.
The Fall of Man, Genesis
When Adam and Eve lost their innocence in God's eyes. In Christian religion, at this point, all of man lost their innocence, and can now tell good from bad and life from death. Many believe the only way they became able to get into Heaven again was when Jesus Christ sacrificed himself on the cross.
Cain and Abel, Genesis 4:1-4:16
Adam and Eve's sons- after they each made a sacrifice, Cain was jealous that God liked Abel's better, so he killed him. The Lord asked, "Where is your brother?" and Cain answered, "Am I my brother's keeper?" Cain realized what he did and had to live with guilt for the rest of his life.
Noah and the Flood, Genesis 6-9
Because Noah was a righteous man, God commanded him to build an ark so he could save himself, his family, and the animals from the Great Flood God was sending to cleanse the earth. Symbols- olive branch and rainbow = peace
The Tower of Babel, Genesis 11:1-9
Up until this point, everyone had spoken the same language. The people decided to build a tower to the sky so they could reach Heaven. God knew this stairway to Heaven would lead people away from God. He made everyone speak different languages and scattered them all over the world so the tower would not be built.
Abraham and Isaac, Genesis 22
Sarah and Abraham were blessed at very old age with a son named Isaac. God commanded Abraham to take Isaac to Mount Moriah and sacrifice him. When Abraham and Isaac reached the place Isaac was to be sacrificed, God told Abraham to stop and not sacrifice Isaac because he had proved how much he loved God.
Jacob and Esau, Genesis 25:21-34, Genesis 27:1-28:7
Jacob and Esau were Isaac and Rebekah's twin sons. They grew up very different- Esau was the older twin, a hunter, and Jacob was younger and quiet. Esau sold his birthrights to Jacob for a bowl of soup, making God angry. Rebekah convinced Jacob to lie to Abraham and steal Esau's blessings, also making God angry. Esau and Jacob eventually made up. They both became fathers of nations.
Sodom and Gomorrah, Genesis 18:16-19:29
2 cities destroyed by God for being so sinful, especially sexually. Lot and his wife are virtuous and advised to leave the city by God but they couldn't look back.Lot's wife got curios and turned around, and turned into a pillar of salt.
The Tribes of Israel
Jacob's name was changed to Israel by God, and from his two wives were born twelve sons and a daughter.
Joseph and His Coat of Many Colors, Genesis 37
Jacob was quite open about his preference for Joseph, the prophetic dreamer, above all others. Joseph's brothers were jealous, sold Joseph into slavery, covered his coat of many colors with animal blood, which they then showed to Jacob, and ultimately led to the movement of the Hebrews into Egypt.
Moses and the Exodus
Moses's mother saved him by putting him in a basket and sending him down a river at a time when all male babies were to be killed. The Pharaoh's daughter found and raised him an Egyptian prince, but he never forgot he was a Hebrew.
The Burning Bush
One day Moses lost his temper and killed a Hebrew slave. He ran away. God spoke to him through a burning bush and said he had to go back and free the Hebrews from slavery.
The Plagues of Egypt
The Pharaoh wouldn't release the slaves, so God sent 10 plagues. Curses, blood, frogs, lice, flies, pestilence, boils, hail, locusts, darkness, death of firstborn.
The Passover and the Red Sea Passage
With the final plague, Moses had warned the Hebrews to put lamb's blood on their door so the Angel of Death would 'pass over' their house and not kill their firstborn son. Finally the Pharaoh said the slaves could be freed. They left quickly, but their bread did not have time to rise. The Pharaoh changed his mind and sent his army after them. God parted the Red Sea for Moses and his people to escape through.
The Ten Commandments
Moses and his people wanted to find Canaan, the promised land. They had no food or water, but God sent it through Moses. On Mount Sinai, God gave the ten commandments to Moses.
The Promised Land
The land promised to Abraham and his descendants
Old Testament enemies of the Israelites
Samson & Delilah
Samson, the judge of Israel, fell for a Delilah, a girl from the Philistines. The Philistines paid Delilah to trick Samson. Eventually Samson told Delilah his secret- if someone cut off his hair, he'd be powerless. Delilah got someone to cut off his hair while he slept. The Philistines chose to humiliate him instead of killing him, by gouging out his eyes and forcing him to do hard labor. His hair grew by they didn't pay attention. Samson turned to God and prayed for the first time. During a ritual the Philistines gathered in a temple and Samson managed to collapse the temple by pushing between two pillars, killing himself and many of his enemies.
Saul and a servant were sent by his father, Kish, to find his donkeys. Saul was very big and tall. After they had been away for a while and couldn't find the donkeys, they went to see a wise man. Near there was a prophet Samuel who was going to bless a sacrifice. God had told Samuel that he would send a man to be king of Israel. Saul was that man. Samuel took Saul to his feast and the next day he anointed Saul and announced him as king. Saul tried to hide but he was too tall.
David & Goliath
The Philistine and Israel armies were about to fight. A Philistine giant named Goliath scared the whole Israel army. David, a small young teenager, volunteered to fight him. He told Goliath that he had God on his side. When Goliath moved in for the kill, David hit him in the head with a rock from a slingshot.
David & Bathsheba
represents a big sin; from King David's affair with Bathsheba, the wife of Uriah. After they had an affair and she became pregnant, David had her husband Uriah put on the front lines of battle so he would die. The "Bathsheba Affair" formed a critical turning point in King David's life. Prior to this, he had prospered greatly, but afterward, his personal fortunes were greatly diminished. Nathan the prophet confronted David after he took Bathsheba for his wife and trapped him into admitting his own guilt.
Absalom at city gates when Israelites appear. Absalom initiates conversation. Tells them that unfortunately David will not hear their good case as he listens to Judean court cases over Israelite cases. States that if her were king, all cases would be heard. Absolom gains a strong support base. David forced to flee all the way to Eastern side of Jordan River. His coup fails, eventually killed by Job.
Solomon and the Temple
When King David died, his son Solomon became king. He prayed to God and asked for wisdom to rule in his father's place, and God answered his prayer. Solomon began to built the temple like God had promised David. It took seven years to build. When it was finished, Solomon gathered God's people and they celebrated for fourteen days. Solomon ruled with fairness.
Passing down a mantle of leadership
Mantle = outer cloak, Elijah's symbol of his God-given authority. When it was time for Elisha to succeed Elijah, he "passed down his mantle of leadership" and was taken up into heaven.
Ahab and Jezebel
A man named Naboth had a vineyard that King Ahab wanted to use as a garden. Naboth said that God forbid him to give his inheritance to the king. Ahab went home and sulked, so his wife Jezebel wrote a letter in his name to the elders of Israel telling them to stone Naboth. When Naboth had died, Ahab took his vineyard. The word of the Lord came to Elijah, telling him to go to Ahab and ask him if he killed Ahab and took his possessions. The Lord also said dogs will eat Jezebel.
Prophesied the birth of Jesus; walked around naked as a sign of if the people didn't stop sinning, God would take away everything they had
Daniel in the Lion's Den
Daniel, a very faithful man, held a high job in the kingdom because he was a good worker, but the princes told the king that he had broken the law because he was jealous. The king ordered Daniel into a lion's den but was so worried he check on him the next morning to see if he was alive. The king was overjoyed when Daniel told him God had sent an angel to protect him. The king had realized the princes had tricked him, so he threw them and their families into the lion's den.
Nebuchadnezzar and the Fiery Furnace
King Nebuchadnezzar had a nine-story high statue of gold that everyone had to worship. During the dedication ceremony, Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego were noticed not bowing down, and the king was notified. He threw them into a fiery furnace, but God delivered them from harm.
The handwriting on the wall
Foreshadowing doom or misfortune; originates in the book of Daniel, when supernatural writing foretells the demise of the Babylonian Empire
The Nativity of Jesus
Conception is foretold to Mary, birth in a stable, shepherds worship the savior, the magi bring gifts
John the Baptist
Jesus's cousin (born of Elizabeth at old age), a messenger sent to prepare the way; baptized Jesus and pointed to him as the Messiah; preached repentance
Herod, Herodias, and Salome
Salome was the daughter of Herodias and stepdaughter of Herod, ruler of Galilee in Palestine. John the Baptist had condemned the marriage of Herodias and Herod, as Herodias was the divorced wife of Herod's half brother Philip. Angered, Herod imprisoned John, but feared to have the well-known prophet killed. Herodias was not scared and asked Salome to "seduce" her father with a dance so she could get whatever she wanted. She asked for John's head on a platter. Unwillingly, Herod did her bidding, and Salome brought the platter to her mother.
Jesus's followers; students who learned from a teacher vs. Jesus's apostles who were messengers sent forth to spread the Gospel after his Resurrection
Apostle Peter (Simon)
Fisherman; given a name meaning "rock"; preached to the masses in Jerusalem on the day of the Pentecost; healed a man by saying "Silver and gold I do not have, but what I have I give to you. In the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, walk."; called a "pillar" of the Church; crucified upside in Rome
Brother of James; fisherman; last of the apostles to die, and only that died peacefully; Mary the mother of Jesus lived with him for a few years; when exiled to Apocalypse, that text was given to him by Jesus; when an old man his disciples would carry him to church meetings where he would say little more than "Little children, love one another!"
Used to mean a "skeptic"; based on when he doubted Jesus' resurrection and demanded to feel Jesus' wounds before being convinced, and after that happened he professed his faith in Jesus
The Wedding at Cana
First miracle performed by Jesus in Gospel of John; Jesus and his disciples are invited to a wedding and when the wine runs out Jesus turns water into wine
Walking on Water
Jesus sent the disciples in a boat, ahead of him, to Bethsaida, but when they were half way across the Sea of Galilee, Jesus walked over the lake water and met them. The disciples were frightened at first, thinking they were seeing a ghost, but when Jesus revealed himself and climbed into the boat, they were reassured. Peter also walked out onto the water towards Jesus, but when Peter saw the wind and the waves, he became afraid and began to sink, and Jesus rescued him
Calming the Sea
One evening Jesus and his disciples were crossing the Sea of Galilee when a furious storm broke out, with waves breaking over the boat. Jesus was sleeping and the disciples woke him, saying, "Don't you care if we drown?" He got up and told the storm to calm, and it did. He said, "Why are you so afraid? Don't you have faith?" The disciples were scared and said, "Who is this? Even the wind and waves obey him."
The Loaves and the Fishes
"Feeding the Multitude"; Feeding of 5000- five loaves and two fish feed 5000 when crowds follow Jesus to a remote place after John the Baptist is killed; Feeding of 4000- seven loaves and fish feed a crowd
The sisters of Lazarus, Mary and Martha, inform Jesus that Lazarus is ill. Jesus delays his journey for a couple days and by the time he gets there Lazarus is already dead. Martha tells Jesus if he had come earlier her brother wouldn't have died, but Jesus told her to believe. Then, they went to his tomb and he said "Lazarus, come out!" and Lazarus came out.
The Sermon on the Mount
Jesus' description of Christian living found in Matthew's Gospel given on a mountain to his disciples and others; includes The Beatitudes (eight blessings)
Parable of the Lost Sheep
A shepherd left 99 sheep to find one lost sheep. God's love is like that of the shepherd's, seemingly foolish in human terms in its pursuit of the one who has lost his or her way.
Name means "separated ones"; the most bitter, and deadly, opponents of Jesus Christ and His message
The Last Supper- bread and wine
The final meal that Jesus shared with his Twelve Apostles in Jerusalem before his crucifixion; during the meal Jesus predicts his betrayal by one of the disciples present, and foretells that Peter will deny knowing him later that day; provides scriptural base for communion; bread- body, wine- blood
Betrayal and Denial
Judas betrayed Jesus to the soldiers by giving him a kiss on the cheek for thirty pieces of silver; Peter denied knowing Jesus three times- both were foretold by Jesus himself
Pontius Pilate- hand washing
The phrase "washing one's hands of" something, means declaring one's unwillingness to take responsibility for the thing. Matthew 27:24 gives an account of Pontius Pilate washing his hands of the decision to crucify Jesus.
Crucifixion, Resurrection, Ascension
Jesus was crucified on a cross, was resurrected from the dead, and ascended into heaven to be with God- the three phases that turned him into a god
Persecuted Christians; Jesus appeared to him saying "Saul! Saul! Why do you persecute me?" and the light was so bright that it blinded him for three days, and Jesus had a follower restore his sight and Saul was told he would be Jesus's witness to what he had seen and heard. He got up, and was baptized.
The Road to Damascus
Saul's conversion to Paul the Apostle
Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse
Four figures in the book of Revelation who symbolize the evils to come at the end of the world. Conquest rides a white hors; war rides a red horse; famine rides a black horse; and plague rides a white horse.
A leader who fulfills Biblical prophecies concerning an adversary of Christ, while resembling him in a deceptive manner. The antichrist will seemingly provide for the needs of the people but deny them ultimate salvation.
Number of the Beast
666; the beast who comes from "out of the sea" as seen in apocalyptic visions by John the Apostle in the New Testament; aligned with The Dragon and The False Prophet; all three who can project demons into the world in order to gather kings for Armageddon
The Lake of Fire
A place of after-death punishment for the wicked
The ***** of Babylon
Christian allegorical figure of evil mentioned in the Book of Revelation in the Bible; connected to the Beast and the Antichrist; dressed in purple and scarlet
The New Jerusalem
A city that is or will be the dwelling place of the saints; also known as the City of God
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