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95 terms

Med Term (module 2 all)

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aden/o
gland
cancer/o, carcin/o
cancer
chlor/o
green
chrom/o
color
cyan/o
blue
cyt/o
cell
epitheli/o
epithelium
erthr/o
red
eti/o
cause (of disease)
fibr/o
fiber
gno/o
knowledge
hist/o
tissue
iatr/o
physician, medicine (also means treatment)
kary/o
nucleus
lei/o
smooth
leuk/o
white
lip/o
fat
melan/o
black
my/o
muscle
neur/o
nerve
onc/o
tumor, mass
organ/o
organ
path/o
disease
rhabd/o
rod-shaped, smooth
sarc/o
fleash, connective tissue
somat/o
body
system/o
system
viscer/o
internal organs
xanth/o
yellow
dia-
through, complete
dys-
painful, abnorm, difficult, labored
hyper-
above, excessive
hypo-
below, incomplete, deficient
meta-
after, beyond, change
neo-
new
pro-
before
-al
-ic
-ous
pertaining to
-cyte
cell
-gen
substance or agent that produces, or causes
-genic
producing, originating, causing
-logist
one who studies and treats (specialist, physician)
-logy
study of
-oid
resembling
-oma
tumor, swelling
-osis
abnorm condition
-pathy
disease
-plasia
condition of formation, development, growth
-plasm
growth, substance, formation
-sarcoma
malignant tumor
-sis
state of
-stasis
control, stop, standing
The gel-like fluid that makes up the body of the cell is
cytoplasm
Chromosomes could best be described as
structures w/in the nucleus
A genetic material that regulates the activities of cells is:
DNA
Muscle tissue could best be described as
composed of cells that have the ability to produce movement
A group of organs that works together to perform complex body functions is called a(n)
system
The space in the body holding the brain is the
cranial cavity
The abdominal cavity contains the
stomach, intestines, kidneys, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen, and ureters
The combining form meaning blue is
cyan/o
The meaning of the combining form erythr/o is
red
The combining form cyt/o means
cell
In the medical term lipoma, the word root lip/ means
fat
The word part that completes the medical term meaning disease of the muscle, _______/o/pathy, is
my
The combining form onc/o means
tumor, mass
The meaning of the combining form rhabd/o is
rod-shaped, straited
The combining form meaning disease is
path/o
The meaning of the prefix dys- is:
difficult, labored, painful, abnormal
The prefix meaning below, incomplete, deficient is
hypo-
In the medical term cancerous, the suffix -ous means
pertaining to
The word part that completes the medical term meaning causing tumors, onc/o/_____, is:
-genic
The suffix -logy means
study of
The meaning of the suffix -oid is
resembling
The suffix that means control, stop, standing is
-stasis
The medical term meaning tumor composed of fat (benign tumor) is
lipoma
The infant's skin turned blue during temporary deprivation of oxygen. The skin color change was a ___ of her disorder
sign
The medical term meaning state of complete knowledge (identifying a disease) is
diagnosis
The medical term meaning new disease is
neopathy
The meaning of the medical term xanthochromic is
pertaining to yellow color
The correct spelling of the medical term meaning originating in the body is:
somatogenic
Which medical term describes a cancer that is easier to treat and has a better prognosis for recovery because it has not spread to surrounding tissue?
carcinoma in situ
The meaning of the medical term histology is
study of tissue
The meaning of the medical term neuroid is:
resembling a nerve
The meaning of the medical term systemic is
pertaining to the body
The correct spelling of the medical term meaning not malignant, nonrecurrent, favorable for recovery is:
benign
The medical term meaning improvement or absence of signs of disease is
remission
The medical term for a benign tumor composed of striated muscle is
rhabdomyoma
The medical term abbreviated as RBC is:
erythrocyte
melanoma
black tumor
WBCs
leukocytes
exhibiting cyanosis
blue discoloration from lack of O2 in the blood
Thoracic cavity
4
abdominal cavity
5
pelvic cavity
6
spinal cavity
2
cranial cavity
1