Applied Pathophysiology Topic 1 Module 1C

Which electrolyte imbalance is most likely to result in potentially lethal arrhythmias?
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A patient has been diagnosed with mild hyponatremia and asks the nurse how this can be prevented from reoccurring. Which is the nurse's correct response?"Add salt to food when cooking."The nurse should recognize that which process regulates the excretion of water from the kidneys?Release of antidiuretic hormone (ADH)When examining laboratory results, the nurse notices that a patient's serum albumin level is low. The nurse recognizes the significance of decreased albumin because it can result in a decrease in which mechanism of fluid balance?Colloid osmotic pressureA patient with a chloride level of 70 mEq/L is presenting with confusion, sweating, and shallow respirations. Which cause should the nurse suspect for the patient's clinical manifestations?A loss of gastrointestinal secretionsThe nurse is discussing the osmolarity of an intravenous fluid with a colleague. Which description of osmolarity by the nurse is accurate?Concentration of solutes in body fluidsThe nurse has assessed the swelling in the lower extremities of a patient over the past few days as edema. Which statement describes the etiology of edema?Accumulation of interstitial fluidA teenager has eaten a bag of very salty potato chips and reports being very thirsty. Which physiological response will occur?Increased secretion of antidiuretic hormone (ADH)