Applied Pathophysiology Topic 1 Module 1D

Term
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A patient has shallow respiration and asks the nurse why it is important to take deeper breaths.
Which response should the nurse make that best explains why deeper breaths can help?
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Terms in this set (24)
The nurse is assessing a patient with metabolic alkalosis. Which sign of compensation should the nurse expect to find?Slow, shallow respirationsThe nurse is teaching a coworker about the renal system and how it affects intracellular pH. Which statement by the nurse is accurate?"The renal system helps by controlling the excretion and reabsorption of bicarbonate to help regulate the pH in the cells."The nurse is assessing a patient with severe ketoacidosis. Which clinical manifestation should the nurse expect to see to determine whether compensation for the acidosis is taking place?Kussmaul respirationsThe nurse is reviewing arterial blood gas results in a patient with respiratory acidosis. Which results confirm this patient's diagnosis?pH 7.28 CO2 50 mmHg HCO3- 26 mEq/LThe nurse is caring for a patient with sepsis and respiratory alkalosis. For which complication should the nurse assess this patient?HypoxemiaThe nurse is teaching a coworker about the best management of metabolic acidosis. Which statement by the nurse is best?"The best way to approach treatment of metabolic acidosis is controlling the underlying cause of the disorder."The nurse reviews respiratory acidosis with a colleague. Which statement by the colleague indicates understanding about the complications of this acid-base imbalance?"Respiratory acidosis produces tissue hypoxia due to CO2 retention."The nurse is assessing a patient with an acidic pH. Which manifestation should the nurse expect?Muscle weaknessThe nurse is assessing a patient who has a rapid respiratory rate. Which acid-base disorder is the patient at risk for developing?Respiratory alkalosisThe nurse is reviewing arterial blood gas results for a patient. Which value indicates to the nurse that the patient has metabolic alkalosis?pH 7.48 CO2 39 mmHg HCO3- 34 mEq/LThe nurse is reviewing laboratory data collected on a patient. Which result should the nurse expect if the patient has acidosis?pH 7.25 CO2 50 mmHg HCO3- 24 mEq/LThe nurse is reviewing acid-base balance with colleagues. Which statement by the nurse explains the compensatory mechanism by which the lungs offset increasing acids?"When acidosis is detected in the brain, the respiratory center increases the rate and depth of breathing, which increases the elimination of CO2, thus decreasing carbonic acid."A patient is hyperventilating due to a panic attack. Which action by the nurse is the best treatment?Have the patient breathe into a paper bag.The nurse is teaching a coworker about how the kidneys compensate for respiratory acidosis. Which explanation by the nurse is accurate?"The kidneys add base bicarbonate to compensate for respiratory acidosis."