Survey of Jazz Final
Terms in this set (143)
A piece containing several sections, each with distinctive melodies and moods.
In early jazz bands, included three or four players on drums, bass or tuba, and one or more chordal instruments.
A form of blues piano playing in which the performer maintains a driving eighth-note rhythm in the left hand while improvising blues figures in the right hand.
Plans the form of a band's performance and often notates the parts for the different instruments.
A group of related instruments in a big band.
A style of music that sprang up in cabarets and nightclubs as a result of the "Great Migration." The style was typified by faster tempos and a greater emphasis on individual improvisation than earlier styles.
Piano players who worked for music publishers, promoting songs for potential buyers.
A hodgepodge of songs, comic sketches, dances, and melodrama. It is significant as the first distinctively U.S. musical genre, reflecting a decisive blend of the European and African American traditions.
A style of music born in New Orleans. Among its characteristics are collective improvisation, a driving 4/4 meter, a "hot" style, and simple rhythm section parts with all the rhythm instruments articulating the beat.
Typically consisted of cornet, clarinet, and trombone in early jazz ensembles.
One of the direct predecessors of jazz. Scott Joplin is the most famous composer of this style of music.
Played less syncopated, slower pieces, such as ballads and popular songs.
Originally derived from African religious practice. It is a rhythmic dance performed in a circle. Worshippers moved counterclockwise in a circle while singing spirituals and accompanying themselves by clapping and stomping.
A school of jazz piano playing derived from ragtime. It combines a left-hand accompaniment of alternating bass notes and chords (march bass) with a tugging right hand.
Sidney Bechet was a great stride pianist (T/F)?
Most urban blues singers were men accompanying themselves on solo acoustic guitar (T/F)?
Most rural blues singers were men accompanying themselves on solo acoustic guitar (T/F)?
ABCD is one of the song forms jazz musicians frequently play
A counter-melody is a secondary melody that accompanies the main melody (T/F)?
The "blues scale" incorporates a "blue" second and a "blue" sixth (T/F)?
Paul Whiteman was known as the "King of Jazz" (T/F)?
"Sweet bands" featured faster tempos and more dramatic solo and group performances than "hot bands" (T/F)?
Scat singing is a jazz vocal style in which the soloist improvises using made-up or "nonsense" syllables (T/F)?
A blue note is a bent, slurred, or "worried" note (T/F)?
Paul Whiteman is remembered for premiering Ellington's "Black and Tan Fantasy" (T/F)?
A rent party was a celebration thrown by New York landlords after they collected the month's rent (T/F)?
Fats Waller was a great urban blue guitarist (T/F)?
Stephane Grappelli was one of many great European jazz musicians who got their start in the 1920s (T/F)?
Tin Pan Alley was a section of New Orleans where unemployed jazz musicians could find a hot meal (T/F)?
Which of the following is not an element of Louis Armstrong's style?
He concentrated on the middle register of his instrument
Which of the following is not an element of Bix Biederbecke's style?
He was known for playing in the extreme high register of the trumpet
Sidney Bechet was a...
Clarinetist and Saxophonist
James P. Johnson was a...
Stride Piano Player
"Baby" Dodds was a...
Kid Ory was a...
A Speakeasy was...
a Prohibition-era nightclub in which liquor was sold illegally.
The Original Dixieland Jazz Band is remembered for...
Making the first jazz recording.
Which of the following is not true of King Oliver?
He was the greatest arranger and composer in early jazz
Which of the following is not true of Jelly Roll Morton?
He was a virtuoso clarinetist
Which of the following was not one of the Harlem stride piano players?
Which of the following is not true of Duke Ellington?
He was known as one of the most influential drummers in 1920s jazz.
Played in the Quintette du Hot Club de France
Which of the following are true of Duke Ellington's early sound?
All of the above
Fletcher Henderson is remembered primarily as:
the leader of one of the first and finest early big bands in jazz
The technique of setting lyrics to existing jazz solos
A new melody composed to fit the harmonic and formal structure of a previously composed popular song
A worked-out melodic idea that fits a common chord progression
Momentarily delaying the entry of a new phrase, in effect freeing the rhythm of a composition
A term used by younger musician sand fans in the 1940s to describe older jazz fans who clung to the music of the 1920s and 1930s and derided the newer bebop style
A style of jazz originating in the 1940s which blended elements of Afro-Cuban music with bebop.
The trading of melodic figures between two different sections of a band (especially a big band)
A term describing how bebop drummers used the bass drum for sharp, irregular accents in the rhythmic accompaniment
Notes added to seventh chords to make the harmony richer and more pungent
Replaces the expected or normal chords with different, sometimes more unusual, chords.
A band that played and toured a region around a major city that served as a home base.
In its mature form, it consists of five saxes, five trumpets, five trombones, and a rhythm section
A band's library or collection of arrangements or pieces
Improvisation based on the chord harmonies as opposed to the melodic contour of a composition
Bands that featured fast tempos and dramatic solo and group performances, usually with more improvisation than their counterparts
Bands playing in the Kansas City style featured head arrangements (T/F)?
"Antiphony" was an arranging technique utilized primarily by the small groups of the bebop era (T/F)?
The Original Blue Devils was one of the most respected territory bands (T/F)?
Duke Ellington got his start playing with the Original Blue Devils (T/F)?
Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie are two of the founders of the Bebop Style (T/F)?
Cool Jazz was a style associated primarily with West Coast musicians (T/F)?
Hard Bop was a style associated primarily with West Coast musicians (T/F)?
Ella Fitzgerald was a great bebop saxophonist (T/F)?
Lambert, Hendricks, and Ross were the three members of a singing group known for utilizing the technique of vocals (T/F)?
Third-stream music combined bebop with Brazilian music (T/F)?
A "lick" is a worked-out melodic idea that fits a common chord progression (T/F)?
The names "Cool" and "Hard Bop" were coined by musicians as a way of describing the music they played (T/F)?
Chet Baker and Gerry Mulligan were two musicians primarily associated with the Hard Bop style (T/F)?
The Modern Jazz Quartet is associated with the Third-stream style (T/F)?
Hard Bop musicians continued to extend the bebop tradition with its emphasis on improvisation, 32-bar formal structures, 12-bar blues, and straight-ahead swinging (T/F)?
Miles Davis is associated with Bebop, Cool, Hard Bop, an dModal jazz styles, as well as others (T/F)?
Charles Mingus was a great bebop era drummer (T/F)?
The modern jazz era began with a style known as bebop (T/F)?
Big bands were favored over small groups in the bebop era (T/F)?
Duke Ellington's band int eh 1940s was one of the main orchestra's playing in the Kansas City style (T/F)?
Which of the following is NOT true of the swing era?
There was more improvisation in swing era jazz than in earlier and later styles
Which of the following describes the way the rhythm section changed in the swing era?
All of the Above
Which of the following played with the Original Blue Devils?
Who was known as the "King of Swing"?
Which of the following was NOT a swing era pianist?
Which of the following is NOT a bebop era musician?
Which of the following are characteristics of "modal jazz"?
Single chords which last for several measures, absence or suppression of standard functional harmonic patterns, and chords or melodies that make use of the interval of a perfect fourth.
Which of the following best describes "hard bop"?
A continuation of the speed, intensity, and power of bebop
Which of the following best describes "cool" jazz?
Restraint, lyricism, quieter dynamic range, and less overt emotion
Which of the following best describes "third-stream"?
A blending of jazz and European classical music
Art Blakey and his band, the Jazz Messengers, are associated with...
In the 1950s, jazz...
branched off into many different styles
A plagal cadence....
Contains the harmonic progression IV-I instead of the more common progression V-I.
With the development of bebop, jazz...
Left behind its standing as America's main form of popular music.
Heavy emphasis on beats 2 and 4 played by the drummer (usually) on the snare drum
A popular movement in the 1990s that re-created the style of 1930s and 1940s big bands
An acronym for Musical Instrument Digital Interface
A repeated melodic or harmonic idea that forms thesis for a section or an entire composition
A term used to describe the 1960s jazz substyle that overturned many of the traditional elements of jazz
Groups whose leaders have died but who continue to travel and work under new direction
A five-note set (Scale) that avoids the interval of a tritone. The black notes of the keyboard form one such scale.
A technique whereby the soloist implies or states a rhythm in the melody line that seems to go against the underlying basic rhythm of the piece
A repeated bass note or drone played to accompany a melody. Harmonies may also shift over this.
Has all 12 notes of the Western musical system, for example, all the adjacent notes on the piano
Short melodic ideas subject to variation and development
Pitches between the tempered notes of the chromatic scale
comprises the methods and philosophies of teaching students how to perform jazz
a form of jazz that combines elements of rock (or R&B funk) and jazz
A popular form of fusion jazz that is common today. It combines rock or funk grooves with an electronic ambience to create an "easy listening" feel.
The technique of playing short notes with distinct spaces between them
When placed in the bell of the trumpet, it gives the instrument's sound a distant, brooding quality
The practice of digitally recording sounds for musical use in playback
A technique in which the bass player percussively hits the low strings of the instrument while picking melodies on the higher ones
A theory of music devised by Ornette Coleman. Although its meaning is unclear, it has provided the theoretical motivation behind Coleman's work since the 1970s.
Eric Dolphy played sax and appeared frequently with John Coltrane (T/F)?
Sun Ra led the Myth-Science Solar Arkestra(T/F)?
In his "middle" period, Coltrane focused on playing free jazz (T/F)?
One of the bands associated with the AACM is the Art Ensemble of Chicago (T/F)?
Keith Jarrett records on the ECM label (T/F)?
Kenny G is a smooth jazz saxophonist (T/F)?
Steve Coleman was a great free jazz pianist of the 1960s (T/F)?
The instrumentation of the classic organ trio is organ, bass, and drums (T/F)?
Wes Montgomery is a jazz guitarist (T/F)?
Cannonball Adderley is remembered as a free jazz trumpet player (T/F)?
Which of the following pianists did NOT play in one of Miles Davis' bands?
Which of the following was NOT one of John Coltrane's main stylistic periods?
Which of the following is true of funk drum patterns?
All of the Above
Which of the following is true of rock drum patterns?
They incorporate a heavy use of backbeats
Which of the following is known mainly as a free jazz pianist?
Which of the following is NOT a jazz vocalist?
Which of the following is not a characteristic of the 1960s avant-garde?
Restraint, lyricism, quieter dynamic range, and less overt emotion
What was the name of Ornette Coleman's jazz-rock fusion band?
Which of the following artists is known for using free jazz as a vehicle for black activism?
All of the Above
What was the name of Chick Corea's jazz-rock fusion band in the 1970s?
Return to Forever
Wynton Marsalis is now associated with which jazz subtly?
An influential big band associated primarily with the 1960s was the?
Thad Jones/Mel Lewis Big Band
An over-reliance on flashy but empty technique and commercialization (smooth jazz), typically seen as negative trends, grew out of which jazz substyle?
Which of the following was an important jazz organist?
Which of the following is NOT true of Bill Evan's style?
He had a very forceful, staccato touch on the piano
In the 1960s, which record label was known for recording bands that maintained the hard bop tradition in the midst of the "free jazz upheaval"?
Which of the following was NOT cited in your textbook as an aspect of contemporary jazz?
A legacy of modal jazz
Wynton Marsalis leads which of the following ensembles dedicated to performing classic jazz repertory?
Lincoln Center Jazz Orchestra
Which of the following was NOT a member of the Miles Davis 1960s quintet?
Who wrote "Blood not eh Fields," the first jazz work to receive the Pulitzer Prize?