APUSH Chapter 8: 1816- 1848
Terms in this set (39)
Era of Good Feelings
The period from 1817 to 1823 in which the disappearance of the federalists enabled the Republicans to govern in a spirit of seemingly nonpartisan harmony.
Loyalty to a particular region or movement.
He was the fifth President of the United States. He is the author of the Monroe Doctrine. Proclaimed that the Americas should be closed to future European colonization and free from European interference in sovereign countries' affairs. It further stated the United States' intention to stay neutral in European wars
Young nation was excited about the prospects of moving westward, had little interest in European wars, patriotic themes in paintings, schoolbooks, Noah Webster's patriotic speller.
Movement to support the growth of the nation's economy, internal improvements were a big aspect.
Tariff of 1816
Congress raised tariff rates on certain goods for express purpose of protecting US manufacturers, Americans feared British would dump their goods, first protective tariff in US history.
A tariff imposed to protect domestic firms from import competition.
Henry Clay; American System
Created a high tariff to support internal improvements such as road-building. This approach was intended to allow the United States to grow and prosper by themselves This would eventually help America industrialize and become an economic power.
Second Bank of the United States
In 1816, during the administration of President James Madison, the Democratic-Republicans reversed course and supported its creation. It was patterned after the first and quickly established branches throughout the Union.
Panic of 1819
Severe depression that followed the economic boom of the post-War of 1812 years; the Second National Bank, trying to dampen land speculation and inflation, called loans, raised interest rates, and received the blame for the panic. All this helped divide commercial interests of the East from the agrarian interests of an expanding West.
Built in the 1790's by a private company, the road linked Philadelphia and Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
National (Cumberland) Road
First of the internal improvements provided by congress in 1806 to help the colonization of the west. A toll bill linked to the road was vetoed by Monroe.
In New York State, United States, that runs from the Hudson River to Lake Erie, connecting the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean It cut transport costs into what was then wilderness by about 90%. The Canal resulted in a massive population surge in western New York, and opened regions further west to increased settlement.
Robert Fulton; steamboats
Robert fulton propelled his steamboat, the clermont 150 miles up the Hudson River in 1807. The livingston-fulton monopoly was a ferry service from New York to New Jersey. Fulton and Livingston made significant advances in steam powered navigation.
The Transcontinental railroad was a railroad that connected the eastern United States to the western United States. The railroad firmly bonded the West Coast the Union, created a trade route to the far-east, and helped the western expansion
Eli Whitney; interchangeable parts
Eli Whitney made agreement with gov to make 10,000 rifles in 28 months in 1798
goal not met til 10 years after
allowed for mass production of high quality goods to common ppl
showed americans believed in democracy and equality
used in national armormy in springfield, clocks, sewing machines
brought national pride.
A company or group of people authorized to act as a single entity (legally a person) and recognized as such in law.
Considered father of American industrial revolution because he brought British textile technology, rather illegally, to America.
System where goods were produced at a large level by unskilled workers using machinery.
Lowell System; textile mills
Developed in the textile mills of Lowell, Massachusetts, in the 1820s, in these factories as much machinery as possible was used, so that few skilled workers were needed in the process, and the workers were almost all single young farm women, who worked for a few years and then returned home to be housewives.
The process in which a society or country (or world) transforms itself from a primarily agricultural society into one based on the manufacturing of goods and services.
Pursuing a specific line of study or work.
Labor unions tended to be small and limited to skilled trades.
A machine invented by Eli Whitney that separates the seeds from raw cotton fibers. It increased thr development of the south and expanded slavery because there was more time for cotton to be planted.
The economic transformation that occurred in America during the first half of the nineteenth century. It acknowledges that radical changes occurred and that the key to these changes lay within the character and size of the market.
Created the precedent of judicial review
ruled on many early decisions that gave the federal government more power, especially the supreme court.
Fletcher v. Peck
Arouse out of a series of notorious land frauds in Georgia, the Court had to decide whether the Georgia legislature of 1796 could repeal the act of the previous legislature granting lands under shady circumstances to the Yazoo Lands Companies. In a unanimous decision, Marshall said that a land grant was a valid contract and could not be repealed even if corruption was involved.
McCulloch v. Maryland
Strengthened federal authority and upheld the constitutionality of the bank of the United States by establishing that the state of Maryland did not have the power to tax the bank.
Dartmouth College v. Woodward
Sustained Dartmouth's original charter against changes proposed by the New Hampshire state legislature, thereby protecting corporations from domination by state government.
Gibbons v. Ogden
Suit over whether New York could grant a monopoly to a ferry operating on interstate waters. The ruling reasserted that congress had the sole power to regulate interstate commerce.
Implied powers refers to the powers of the government found in the constitution in unwritten forms.
In 1819, Representative Tallmadge proposed an amendment to the bill for Missouri's admission to the Union, which the House passed but the Senate blocked. The amendment would have prohibited the further introduction of slaves into Missouri and would have mandated the emancipation of slaves' offspring born after the state was admitted.
Missouri Compromise (1820)
Admitted Missouri as slave, Maine as free; a line (36,30) drawn between slave and free states.
American naval officer notable for his heroism in the Barbary Wars and the War of 1812; first American celebrated as a nation military hero who had not fought in the American Revolution.
Rush-Bagot Agreement (1817)
The Treaty demilitarized the Great Lakes and Lake Champlain, where many British naval armaments and forts still remained, and laid the basis for a demilitarized boundary between the US and British North America This agreement was indicative of improving relations between the United States and Britain during this time period following the end of the War of 1812.
Treaty of 1818
Treaty between Britain and America, it allowed the Americans to share the Newfoundland fisheries with Canada, and gave both countries a joint occupation of the Oregon Territory for the next 10 years.
a Democratic-Republican who was voted into office in 1828. The people wanted representation and reform from the administration of John Quincy Adams. Jackson believed that the people should rule. He was the first president from the west, and he represented many of the characteristics of the west. Jackson appealed to the common man as he was said to be one. He believed in the strength of the Union and the supremacy of the federal government over the state government.
Florida Purchase Treaty (1819)
Under the Adams-Onis Treaty, Spain sold Florida to the U.S., and the U.S. gave up its claims to Texas. gave american southwest to spain.
Monroe Doctrine (1823)
A statement of foreign policy which proclaimed that Europe should not interfere in affairs within the United States or in the development of other countries in the Western Hemisphere.