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55 terms

Med Term (module 3 section 1)

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In this position, the body is in an erect, or standing, posture, facing directly forward, with the arms hanging down at the sides and the palms facing forward
anatomic position
meaning front
anter/o
means pertaining to
-ior
pertaining to the front
anterior
meaning back or behind
poster/o
it means something that pertains from the back to the front
posteroanterior
means belly or front
ventr/o
pertaining to
-al
pertaining to the belly or front
ventral
means back
dors/o
pertaining to the back
dorsal
indicates a position that is above
superior (cephalic)
defined as toward the head
cephalad
describe a downward direction
inferior (caudal)
means below
infer/o
means pertaining to the tail or lower part of the body
caud/o
is defined as pertaining to the side. It indicates a direction that is away from the body's midline
lateral
pertaining to the middle
medial
defined as toward the middle, may also be used to describe the location of a structure that is toward the midline of the body
mediad
means pertaining to the middle and to the side
mediolateral
means one
uni-
pertaining to one side
unilateral
means two
bi-
pertaining to two sides
bilateral
means near the point of attachment of a body part
proximal
means away from that point of attachment
distal
means to lie horizontally on the back (face up)
supine
involves lying face downward
prone
When directional terms are applied, it is assumed that the body is in the standard neutral position of reference known as the
anatomic postion
The abbreviation of the term that means pertaining to the back and to the front is
PA
The meaning of the prefix bi- is
two
The combining form meaning back, behind is
poster/o
In the medical term ventral, the word root means
belly (front)
The word part that completes the medical term meaning toward the head, _______/ad, is
cephal
The combining form super/o means
above
The combining form meaning near (the point of attachment) is
proxim/o
In the medical term medial, the word root means
middle
The word part that completes the medical term meaning pertaining to the back, poster/_______, is
-ior
The meaning of the suffix -ad is
toward
The combining form meaning side is
later/o
The combining form that means front is
anter/o
The combining form dist/o means
away (from the point of attachment)
When referring to humans, ventral is interchangeable with the term
anterior
The medical term that is a synonym for posterior is
dorsal
The medical term meaning pertaining to below is
inferior
The medical term dorsal means
pertaining to the back
The medical term that means pertaining to the tail is
caudal
The medical term anteroposterior means pertaining to the
front and to the back
The medical term meaning pertaining to a side is
lateral
The correct spelling of the medical term meaning pertaining to one side (only) is
unilateral
The medical term mediolateral means pertaining to the
middle and to the side
The correct spelling of the medical term meaning toward the head is
cephalad
The meaning of the medical term anterior is
pertaining to the front
The medical term meaning pertaining to away (from the point of attachment) is
distal
The abbreviation of the medical term meaning pertaining to the front is
ant