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41 terms

Med Term (module 3 section 2)

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Frontal Plane
(1) is a vertical plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior parts
Sagittal plane
(2) is any vertical plane that divides the body into right and left sides
if a sagittal section is made in the midline, it is called a
midsagittal plane
is any plane that divides the body into unequal right and left sides
parasagittal plane
Transverse Plane
(3) is any plane that runs horizontally through the body, dividing it into superior (upper) and inferior (lower) parts
the abdominal and pelvic cavities are often referred to as the
abdominopelvic regions
hypochondriac regions
(1,7) abdominopelvic regions: the upper right and left sections
epigastric region
(4) abdominopelvic regions: the area directly superior to the umbilical region, generally found overlying the stomach
lumbar region
(2,8) abdominopelvic regions: The middle right and left sections, near the waist, are the
umbilical region
umbilical region (5)
illiac regions or inguinal regions
(3,9) lower (L) & (R) sections, the upper portion of the hip bone. Because the iliac regions are near the groin, they are also called the
lies inferior to the umbilical region
hypogastric region (6)
right upper quadrant (RUQ)
contains the right lobe of the liver, the gallbladder, part of the pancreas, portions of the small and large intestines, and the right kidney
left upper quadrant (LUQ)
contains the left lobe of the liver, the stomach, the spleen, part of the pancreas, and portions of the large and small intestines
right lower quadrant (RLQ)
contains parts of the small and large intestines, appendix, right ureter, and the right fallopian tube and ovary in women, or the right spermatic duct in men
left lower quadrant (LLQ)
are portions of the intestinal tract, left ureter, and the left fallopian tube and ovary in women, or the left spermatic duct in men
means to be lying down in any position
recumbent
means to lie horizontally on the back
supine
involves lying face downward
prone
Fowler postion
is a semi-sitting position with slight elevation of the knees
Trendelenburg position
the patient is on his or her back but with the body tilted to place the head lower than the feet
requires the patient to lie supine, but with the legs raised and feet in stirrups
lithotomy position
involves turning the patient onto his or her left side with the right knee drawn up and the left arm drawn behind, parallel to the back
sims postion
requires the patient to sit erect in a chair or upright in bed supported by pillows behind the head and chest
orthopnea postion
Imaginary vertical and horizontal lines drawn through the umbilicus form the
abdominopelvic palne
The horizontal field dividing the body into superior (or upper) and inferior (or lower) portions is the
transverse plane
A vertical field running through the body from front to back, dividing the body into right and left sides is a
sagittal plane
The coronal plane is also called the
frontal plane
The parasagittal plane could best be described as an imaginary field running through the body and dividing it into
unequal right and left sides
The frontal plane could best be described as an imaginary field running through the body and dividing it into
anterior and posterior portions
The medical term meaning to the right and left of the umbilical region, near the waist is
lumbar region
The umbilical region refers to
around the navel (umbilicus)
The correct spelling of the region referring to the right and left of the epigastric region is
hypochodriac
The epigastric region refers to
the region superior to the umbilical region
The medical term referring to the area that contains the right lobe of the liver, the gallbladder, part of the pancreas, and portions of the small and large intestines is the
RUQ
The medical term referring to the area that contains portions of the intestinal tract, the left ureter, the left fallopian tube and ovary in women, and the left spermatic duct in men is the
LLQ
RLQ abbreviates
right lower quadrant
In the Radiology Department, Patient A is directed to lie face up on the exam table, whereas Patient B is directed to lie face down. Both of these patients can be said to be in the ___ position
recumbent
Mr. B is recovering from a head injury, so the Emergency Department physician orders that he be positioned in a semi-sitting position with slight elevation of the knees. From this, we know that Mr. B is being placed in the ___ position.
Fowler
Ms. T arrives at the Physical Therapy Department for her therapeutic massage to relieve her sciatica. She is directed to lie on her abdomen, facing downward. Mrs. T is being placed in the ___ position
prone
Mr. H arrives at the outpatient surgical center to have a benign tumor removed from the top of his head. The pre-op nurse directs Mr. H to a chair and asks him to sit erect, with a pillow behind him for support, and lean forward on two large pillows. Mr. H is being arranged in the ___ position
orthopnea