2008-2009 there were 270,000 injuries
Collisons with opponets and mets, and escape maneuvers
Friction burns, skin infections, weight management, cauliflower ear
2005-2006 injuies were 3x greater in college than high school
Knee, shoulder, then head and neck injuries in college
Shoulder, ankle, knee and then head and neck in HS
Skin infections-impetigo, herpes, ringworm tinea, MRSA
A field that uses a holistic, comprehensive, and mltidisiplinary approach to health care for those engaged in sporting or recreational activity
Practioners include primary care physicans, orthopedic srgeons, athletic trainers, sports physical therapists, dentists, exercise physiologyists, conditioning coaches, and sports nutrition
Key members: Coaches, team physicians, BOC Certified Athletic Trainer
AKA: "annual physical," "physical exam,"
Primary purpose is to identify preexisting injury risk factors or preexisting injuries/diseases.
Physical exams can identify spina bifida occulta, absence of one of paired organs, postural problems, muscle imbalances, high blood pressure, cardiac defects or arrhythmias, allergies, vision deficits, previous injuries, and skin infections
NCAA Guideline 1B
PPE is required upon entrance into athletic program; thereafter, annual updated medical history unless additional medical exam is warranted based on the updated history.
PPE required prior to first year of participation.
Younger athletes should receive a comprehensive PPE biannually and at 3-year intervals for older athletes.
Must include comprehensive medical history, height, weight, vision, immunization record, and skin, abdominal, genital, cardiovascular screenings.
Identify any preexisting conditions that may make the athlete vulnerable to specific medical problems.
For example, sickle cell trait, diabetes, epilepsy, and drug allergies
Absence of paired organ (e.g., eyes, kidney) is a complex issue and a number of variables must be considered including the relative risk associated with a particular sport.