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70 terms

phonograms

70 phonograms based on Sanseri
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a
/a/, /A/, /ah/

/a/ - am
/A/ - a pron
/ah/ - wasp
c
/k/, /s/

/k/ - cat
/s/ - cit y
d
/d/

dad
g
/g/, /j/

/g/ - big
/j/ - gym
o
/o/, /O/, /OO/

/o/ - ox
/O/ - go
/OO/ - to
s
/s/, /z/

/s/ - sent
/z/ - as
qu
/kw/

/kw/ - queen

advanced: /k/ - conquer
f
/f/

fat
e
/e/, /E/

/e/ - elk
/E/ - be
l
/l/

lap
b
/b/

crib
h
/h/

hat
k
/k/

kit
i
/i/, /I/

/i/ - it
/I/ - i vy

English words do not end with "i". At the end of a word we either substitute Y for the "i" or add a silent "e".
j
/j/

jam

J is used at the beginning of a syllable but never at the end of English words.
p
/p/

pam
r
/r/

ran
t
/t/

tip
u
/u/, /U/, /oo/

/u/ - us
/U/ - u nit
/oo/ - put
v
/v/

o ver
w
/w/

walk
y
/y/, /i/, /I/, /E/

/y/ - yard
/i/ - gym
/I/ - my
/E/ - ba by
m
/m/

me
n
/n/

nut
x
/ks/

/ks/ - fox

advanced: /z/ - xylophone
z
/z/

zip
sh
/sh/
/sh/ - she, dish
rule: used at the beginning of a word, at the end of a syllable, but not at the beginning of any syllable after the first one, except for the ending 'ship'
th
/th/, /TH/

/th/ - think (unvoiced)
/TH/ - thus (voiced)
oo
/OO/, /oo/, /O/

/OO/ - food
/oo/ - took
/O/ - floor
Don't eat the food you took from the floor.
In reading we cannot determine which sound to use except by context.
ee
/E/ - double /E/

tree
er
/er/ as in her

Her church first worships early.
oy
/oy/ that we may use at the end of English words.

boy

beginning: oyster; middle: royal; end: boy
oi
/oy/ that we may not use at the end of English words

boil
ch
/ch/, /k/, sh/

/ch/ - child
/k/ - Christ
/sh/ - chef
ow
/ow/, /O/

/ow/ - plow
/O/ - snow
ou
/ow/, /O/, /OO/, /u/

/ow/ - our
/O/ - fourth
/OO/ - tour
/u/ - fa mous
ay
/A/ - 2 letter /A/ that we may use at the end of English words

/A/ - say

advanced: /I/ - bayou
ai
/A/ - 2 letter /A/ that we may NOT use at the end of English words.

pail
ea
/E/, /e/, /A/

/E/ - beat
/e/ - bread
/A/ - break
or
/or/

Lord
ui
/OO/

fruit
ng
/ng/
ring
ar
/ar/

car
wh
/wh/

wheel (unvoiced)
aw
/aw/ that we may use at the end of English words

saw
au
/aw/ that we may NOT use at the end of English words

pau per
ck
/k/ - 2 letter /k/

back
used only after a single vowel saying its short sound
oe
/O/ - 2 letter /O/ that we may use at the end of English words

hoe

exceptions: shoe, canoe
oa
/O/ - 2 letter /O/ that we may NOT use at the end of English words

soat
ed
/ed/, /d/, /t/

/ed/ - traded
/d/ - pulled
/t/ - picked
ur
/er/ as in church
ir
/er/ as in first
w or
/er/ as in worship
ear
/er/ as in early
igh
/I/ - 3 letter /I/

night
ie
/E/, /I/

/E/ - thief
/I/ - tie
dge
/j/ - 3 letter /j/

edge

used only after a single vowel which says its short sound
wr
/r/ - 2 letter /r/

wreck
ti
/sh/ - tall /sh/ - used at the beginning of any syllable after the first

na tion
ci
/sh/ - short /sh/ used at the beginning of any syllable after the first

so cial
si
/sh/, /zh/ - used at the beginning of any syllable after the first.

/sh/ - di gres sion
/zh/ - di vi sion
tch
/ch/ - 3-letter /ch/

butch er
eigh
/A/ - 4-letter /A/

eight
ei
/A/, /E/, /i/ - that we may NOT use at the end of English words.

/A/ - their
/E/ - ceil ing
/i/ - for eign
ph
/f/ - 2-letter /f/

phone
ey
/A/, /E/, /i/ - that we may use at the end of English words

/A/ - they
/E/ - key
kn
/n/ - 2-letter /n/ used only at the beginning of a base word

knee
gn
/n/ - 2-letter /n/ used both at the beginning and end of a base word

gnarled
sign
ough
/O/, /OO/, /uff/, /off/, /aw/, /ow/

/O/ - dough /OO/ - through
/uff/ - rough /off/ - cough
/aw/ - bought /ow/ - bough
ew
/OO/, /U/ that we may use at the end of English words.

/OO/ - flew
/U/ - few