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US History-A: Looking to the West
Terms in this set (44)
Quite a bit of land resulting from this Act was purchased by land speculators
Morrill-Land Grant Act
What drew many new immigrants to the West?
cheap land and new jobs
Most African American Exodusters migrated west to
escape racial violence in the South
The Railway Acts of 1862 and 1864 created the National Railway and granted it permission to build on any public land needed.
Many settlers moved west in search of ______________.
all of the above.
What was a major incentive in the settling of the West?
the legal private ownership of land.
migrated to western lands to escape racial violence faced in the South
The establishment of private property led to later developments. All of the following are examples EXCEPT which?
Many of the pioneers who settled the land west of the Mississippi river came from _______.
Illinois and Missiouri
The land purchased as a result of this Act had to be settled and occupied by people planning on permanent occupancy.
Conflict with Native Americans:
This Act of Congress was a failed attempt to make the individual Native Americans land owners by assigning them small plots of land.
Many white reformers believed that Native Americans should
be "civilized" and adopt white culture
Custer's cavalry was wiped out at the ____.
Battle of Little Bighorn
led the United States cavalry at the Battle of Little Bighorn
George Armstrong Custer
As American settlers moved west in search of land, many Native American nations
were weakened or destroyed.
Many agreements between Native Americans and the federal government fell apart because
Native Americans and Settlers had differing concepts of land ownership
The United States government encouraged attempts to
take Native American lands.
The Sand Creek Massacre resulted in the death of many Cheyenne Indians.
led the Sioux in war after the federal government allowed miners on Sioux reservation
Chief Sitting Bull
One way the government sought to change Native Americans was by
requiring them to farm individual plots.
Mining, Ranching, and Farming:
In families on the homestead, what did women do?
all of the above
Which of the following is true with regards to the cattle boom?
Which statement best describes the lifestyle of homesteaders?
Homesteaders often had to struggle even for the necessities.
How did new technology help farmers on the Great Plains?
It saved them time and effort.
What was a negative impact of "bonanza" farms?
Oversupply led to lower prices.
What created the mining boom that started with the California Gold Rush?
the lure of quick wealth
The largest silver deposit in American history was discovered in Nevada in 1857. What was this termed?
The decline in buffalo herds in the late 1800s can be attributed to all of the following, except
long periods of drought on the plains
In the West, the combination of big business and new agricultural techniques resulted in
All of the following were true of both mining and cattle ranching expansion westward, except ________.
The governments response to farmers complaints about high costs of shipping their crops was the creation of this regulatory agency.
Interstate Commerce Commission
The idea of a progressive income tax, which is still a standard taxing policy in the U.S. today, was aggressively sought by the Populist Party.
The Interstate Commerce Act was passed to
regulate railroad rates and practices.
The policy of free silver, the unlimited coining of silver dollars, was established in 1890 by the
Sherman Silver Purchase Act.
Farmers favored inflation because it would
increase crop prices.
ran as the Democratic and Populist Party nominee in the presidential election of 1896
William Jennings Bryan
After gold was discovered in South Africa, Alaska, and the Canadian Yukon, the nation returned to
a gold standard.
In the late 1800s, tariffs on manufactured and agricultural goods led to
a decline in foreign demand of American crops.
Bankers supported deflation because this policy would
increase the value of money.
The government responded to the cries of the farming community by instating the Interstate Commerce Act in order to avoid unionization and retain federal control of land.
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