Terms in this set (11)
the branch of philosophy that treats of first principles, includes ontology and cosmology, and is intimately connected with epistemology.
theology based on knowledge of the natural world and on human reason, apart from revelation.
Philosophy dealing with the conception of self and soul
Philosophy of the person
a branch of philosophy that investigates the origin, nature, methods, and limits of human knowledge.
the study of nature and the physical universe that was dominant before the development of modern science
Philosophy of nature
a branch of philosophy dealing with the nature of beauty, art, and taste, and with the creation and appreciation of beauty
all things are made of water Reductionism: the project of trying to demonstrate that all apparently complex levels of reality can be reducible to simpler more basic levels
There must be an indeterminate something which he called boundless or unlimited that all things are made of
Called it: (apeiron)
This something must be air
Naturalism: natural phenomena should be explained in terms of other natural phenomena
Monism: there is only one type of basic material
Anything that comes to be must come out of something that already is, come out of being or not-being
If it comes to be out of being, then it must already be
If it comes out of not-being, it is nothing
But nothing can come from nothing, everything must come from something
So being simply is--> "it is"--> being is one
"you can't step in the same river twice."
An ungovernable logos governs change- "the logos is always so"
Everything is in constant flux